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Arthurian Interpretations 15.2-16.1, 1.1-4.2;

Quondam et Futurus: A Journal of Arthurian Interpretations 1.1-3.4

Arthuriana 4.1-present



Abstracts of Journal Articles 
Editor Emeritus Henry Hall Peyton III compiled the first 'Author Index ' for the journal with a full set of 'Abstracts ' to the journal in all its previous incarnations:

Arthurian Interpretations 
Quondam et Futurus 
Quondam et Futurus: A Journal of Arthurian Interpretations

Since 1994 the Arthuriana staff has been responsible for the index entries and abstracts.

Entries are current to Vol. 22, issue 2.

These abstracts are prepared in alphabetical order according to the author 's surname, and reviews are listed under the name of the reviewer.

Ackerman, Felicia. '"Every man of worshyp": Emotion and Characterization in Malory’s Le Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 32-42

AbstractLe Morte Darthur has characters who are believable as coherent individuals.(FA)

-----. Rev. of The Knight without the Sword: A Social Landscape of Malorian Chivalryby Hyonjin Kim. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

-----. Rev. of The Genesis of Narrative in Malory 's Morte Darthur by Elizabeth Edwards.Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002).

-----. Rev. of Catherine Batt, Malory 's Morte Darthur: Remaking Arthurian Tradition.Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 92.

-----. Rev. of Gender and the Chivalric Community in Malory’s Morte d’Arthur by Dorsey Armstrong. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 77-78.

------. '‘I may do no penaunce’: Spiritual Sloth in Malory’s Morte.' Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 47-53.

Abstract: The concept of spiritual sloth offers a useful way of looking at Malory’sMorte. (FNA)

------. '"I love nat to be constrayned to love": Emotional Charity and Maloryπs World.'Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 21-24.

Abstract: The concept of emotional charity offers a useful way of thinking about Maloryπs Morte, and vice versa. (FNA)

------. 'Your charge is to me a plesure': Manipulation, Gareth, Lynet, and Malory. Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 8-14

Abstract: Analytic philosophy offers a new perspective for viewing Gareth’s manipulation of Lynet in Malory’s Morte Darthur. (FNA)

Adams, Jeremy duQ. Rev. of Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. Ed. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 137-38.

------. Rev. of Sub-Roman Britain(AD 400-600): A Gazetteer of Sites. By Christopher A. Snyder. Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 142-43.

-------. Rev. of Reconstructing Camelot: French Romantic Medievalism and the Arthurian Tradition by Michael Glencross. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 109-112.

Adderley, C.M. Rev. of Continuations: Essays on Medieval French Literature and 
Language in Honor of John L. Grigsby. Ed. Norris J. Lacy and Gloria Torrini-Roblin. QetF1.4 (Winter 1991): 81-84.

-------. 'The Best Thing for Being Sad: Education and Educators in T.H. White 's The Once and Future King. ' QetF 2.1 (Spring 1992): 55-68.

Abstract: Education is the theme which most clearly gives The Once and Future Kingits structure. 'The Sword in the Stone ' describes the education which makes the idealistic pursuit of Utopia possible. Merlyn educates the Wart in such a way that he can see the faults inherent in society. When Arthur is king, he tries very hard to rectify these faults, by channeling might for right. 'The Queen of Air and Darkness ' describes how a neglected education can destroy the potential of that Utopia, for later in the novel Mordred, himself a product of Morgause 's neglect, is able to use the unique personalities reinforced by this absence of definite education to his own ends. 'The Ill-Made Knight ' describes not merely the best example of the Utopian ideal, but also, paradoxically, the means by which it will be destroyed, for it is Lancelot 's illicit love which gives Mordred the tool he needs. This destruction is narrated in the final volume, 'The Candle in the Wind. ' From a chaotic and much-neglected childhood education, White has constructed The Once and Future King to illustrate the importance of education for good--or for evil. (CMA)

-------. Rev. of An Index of Themes and Motifs in Twelfth-Century French Arthurian Poetry. By E. H. Ruck. QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 71-73.

-------. Rev. of Arthur and Tristan: On the Intersection of Legends in German Medieval Literature. By William C. McDonald. QetF 2.4 (Winter 1992): 73-76.

-------. Rev. of The Life and Times of Sir Thomas Malory. By P.J.C. Field. Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 276-78.

-------. Rev. of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and French Arthurian Romance. By Ad Putter. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 83-86.

-------. Rev. of Le Morte Darthur or the Hoole Book of Kyng Arthur and of His Noble Knyghts of the Rounde Table: Authoritative Text, Sources and Backgrounds, Criticism. By Stephen H.A. Shepherd, ed. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 96-98.

Alama, Pauline J. 'A Woman in King Arthur 's Court: Wendy Mnookin 's Guenever Speaks . ' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 81-88.

Abstract: The best-known female perspective on Arthurian legend, Marion Zimmer Bradley 's The Mists of Avalon, takes the viewpoint of the king 's sister, Morgaine, freeing the legendary sorceress from her traditional villainous role. In Guenever Speaks, Wendy Mnookin takes the part of another marginalized character, and allows her to speak through a series of unrhymed 'persona poems ' that free Arthur 's adulterous wife from being defined by her adultery. The poems explore incidents in Malory 's Le Morte Darthur through Guenever 's eyes, from her longed-for marriage to Arthur until her death in a nunnery. As she grows and ages--losing a child, a husband, and a lover, but gaining self-awareness--Guenever must struggle to make a place for herself in a man 's world of power, warfare, and chivalric honor. Mnookin 's relationship to Arthurian tradition seems to parallel Guenever 's struggle. She follows Malory 's plot to the letter, but creates a female space between the lines of this male-authored epic just as Guenever must find a place for her desires within the constraints of a male-defined society. (PJA)

Allen, Mark. 'The Image of Arthur and the Idea of King. ' AInt 2.2 (Spring 1988): 1-16.

Abstract: Arthur 's representative value as a king is an index to his popularity in Western tradition. As the role of king changed historically, so changed the Arthur of literature, reflecting social and political developments in metaphorical, literary portraits. And like many literary reflections of history, Arthur encapsulates more than just the social and political past: he also reflects interpretations of this past, providing means both to survey historical kingship and to epitomize modern understanding of what kingship implies. (MA)

Allen, Rosamund. 'Eorles and Beornes: Contextualizing Lawman 's Brut. ' Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 4-22.

Abstract: This essay considers contexts of Lawman 's Brut, which constructs an idealized monarchy through its presentation of King Arthur, whose behavior closely resembles that of the loyal William Marshal, earl of Pembroke. (RA)

-------. 'Reading Malory Aloud: Syntax, Gender, and Narrative Pace. ' Arthuriana 13.4 (Winter 2003): 71-85.

Abstract: This essay explores the contrast between the paratactic syntax of narrative action and the hypotactic syntax of speakers reflecting on situations. (RA)

Alvarez, B.. Rev. of The Decameron: First Day in Perspective. Elissa Weaver, ed.Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 109-110.

-------. Rev. of The Cross That Dante Bears: Pilgrimage, Crusade, and the Cruciform Church in the Divine Comedy. By Mary Alexander Watt. Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 86-88.

Amer, Sahar. Rev. of The Court and Culture of Diversity. Eds. Evelyn Mullaly and John Thompson. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 78-79.

Amey, Michael D. 'Constructing a Perilous Chapel: Contesting Power Structures in Naomi Mitchison 's To The Chapel Perilous. ' Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 69-80.

Abstract: This article investigates the construction of hegemonic discourses and the resistance to those discourses depicted in Naomi Mitchison 's Arthurian novel, To the Chapel Perilous. (MDA)

Amtower, Laurel. Rev. of Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages. Jane Chance ed.Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 146-47.

Anderson, James E. Rev. of A Beowulf Handbook. By Robert J. Bjork and John D. Niles.Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 143-45.

Anderson, Judith H. Rev. of Allegory and Violence. By Gordon Teskey. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 125-28.

-------. Rev. of 'The Faire Queene ' and Middle English Romance: The Matter of Just Memory. By Andrew King. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 131.

Anderson, Michael W. 'The honour of bothe courtes be nat lyke'" Cornish Resistance to Arthurian Dominance in Malory.' Arthuriana 19.2 (Summer 2009): 42-57.

Abstract: Malory explores the strengths and weakness of Arthurian chivalry in The Book of Sir Tristram by contrasting Cornwall with Camelot. (MWA)

Andersen, Oliver, and Glenn Marin. 'An Analysis of Queen of the Summer Stars by Use of the Literary Profundity Scale. ' QetF 2.1 (Spring 1992): 82-97.

Abstract: The publication of Guinevere, the third volume of Persia Woolley 's Arthurian trilogy, has promoted heightened interest in this recent retelling of the story of Arthur and his Round Table. Although all three books in the trilogy are highly suitable for use in the contemporary classroom, Queen of the Summer Stars, the second book of the series which recounts Arthurian themes from the point of view of Queen Guinevere, lends itself unusually well to a consideration of these works as teaching materials. (OA)

Archibald, Elizabeth. Rev. of The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of Le Morte Darthur. By Anne Marie D 'Arcy. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 164-165.

Arden, Heather. Rev. of Reconstructing Camelot: French Romantic Medievalism and the Arthurian Tradition. By Michael Glencross. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 152-54.

-------. Rev. of The Love Debate Poems of Christine de Pizan By Barbara K. Altmann.Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 117-18.

Arden, Heather and Kathryn Lorenz. 'The Harry Potter Stories and French Arthurian Romance.' Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 54-68.

Abstract: This article explores the varied medieval elements in the popular novels, as well as deeper narrative connections with Arthurian romance, particularly exploring parallels between the Harry Potter tales and Chrétien de Troyes’ Perceval. (HA/KL)

Armstrong, Dorsey. Rev. of Wisdom and the Grail: The Image of the Vessel in the Queste
del Saint Graal and Malory 's Tale of the Sankgreal. By Anne Marie D 'Arcy. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 123-124.

-------. 'Introduction: Laughing at Camelot. ' Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 3-4.

-------. Rev. of King Arthur and the Myth of History. By Laurie A. Finke and Martin B. Shichtman. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 68-71.

-------. 'The (Non-)Christian Knight in Malory: A Contradiction in Terms?' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 30-34.

Abstract: An analysis of the figures of Sir Palomides and Sir Galahad in Maloryπs Morte Darthur reveals that both the non-Christian and the ultra-Christian knight pose similar threats to the Arthurian social order. (DA)

Aronstein, Susan . Rev. of The Medieval Hero on Screen: Representations from Beowulf to Buffy. Martha W. Driver and Sid Ray, eds. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 67-68.

Arthur, Geoffrey. [Poem] 'On Reading that the Hero of a Lost Romance "went to Morgana's Castle, but we do not know what befell him there." ' Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 18.

-------. [Poem] 'The Queena's Maundy. ' Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 271-73.

Ashe, Geoffrey. 'The Origins of the Arthurian Legend. ' Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 1-24.

Abstract: After prolonged debate, the search for the 'historical Arthur ' remains inconclusive, because of the nature of the evidence which historians take into account. Possibilities arise, however, from evidence of another kind. Literary inquiry can lead towards historical insight and identify an Arthur-figure who has been noticed at various times, but not adequately considered. (GA)

Ashley, Kathleen.Rev. of The Medieval Theater of Cruelty: Rhetoric, Memory, Violence.By Jody Enders. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 72-75.

Ashton, Gail. 'The Perverse Dynamics of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. ' Arthuriana15.3 (Fall 2005): 51-74.

Abstract: This article turns a queer eye upon Sir Gawain and the Green Knight to suggest that categories are continually elided through the workings of a perverse dynamics whose touchstone is not Gawain and the Green Knight as the title might indicate, but the semi-visible character of Morgan. (GA)

Astell, Ann W. Rev. of Re-visioning Gower. By R.F. Yeager. Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 118-120.

Badir, Patricia. Rev. of Medieval Saints: A Reader by Mary-Ann Stouck, andMedieval Hagiography: An Anthology by Thomas Head. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

-------. Rev. of Signifying God: Social Relation and Symbolic Act in the York Corpus Christi Plays. By Sarah Beckwith. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 101-102.

Barban, Judith. Rev. of Oaths, Vows and Promises in the First Part of the French Prose Lancelot Romance. By Lisa Jefferson. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 85-86.

Bardsley, Sandy. Rev. of A Slice of Life: Selected Documents of Medieval Peasant Experience By Edwin Brezette DeWindth. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 98-100.

Barczewski, Stephanie. Rev. of Camelot in the Nineteenth Century: Arthurian Characters in the Poema of Tennyson, Arnold, Morris, and Swinburne. Arthuriana11.2 (Summer 2001): 78-79.

Barefield, Laura D. Rev. of Gendering the Crusades. Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert, eds., Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 99-100.

-------. Rev. of Women in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia. Eds. Katharina A. Wilson and Nadia Margolis. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 109-110.

Bartlett, Anne C. 'Cracking the Penile Code: Reading Gender and Conquest in the AlliterativeMorte Arthure. ' Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 56-76.

Abstract: The Alliterative Morte Arthure encompasses a wide range of erotic configurations that derive meaning by conflating the languages of love and war. This essay examines the poem 's representations of late medieval English erotic practices and codes. (ACB)

-------. Rev. of Medieval Conduct. Kathleen Ashley and Robert L.A. Clark, eds., Arthuriana12.3 (Fall 2002): 109-111.

Batt, Catherine. 'Malory and Rape. ' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 78-99.

Abstract: This essay uses literary, legal, and historical contexts for rape to illuminate how and why Malory forcefully deploys such issues in his focus on Lancelot in Le Morte Darthur. (CB)

Beal, Rebecca S. 'Arthur as the Bearer of Civilization: The Alliterative Morte Arthure, ll. 901-19. ' Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 33-44.

Abstract: In the Alliterative Morte Arthure, Arthur 's armor marks him as a product of his civilization, the antithesis of the lawlessness embodied in the giant of Mont St. Michel. The arming scene both elevates Arthur morally and establishes his civilization 's primacy over that of the Romans. (RSB)

Beatie, Bruce A. 'Arthurian Films and Arthurian Texts: Problems of Reception and Comprehension. ' AInt 2.2 (Spring 1988): 65-78.

Abstract: A mediator between delight and challenge lies in the Arthurian film, a genre that has as a whole been ignored both by Arthurian scholars and film critics, though infrequently Arthurian films have been the object of much critical attention. Since 1921, twenty- seven theatrical and television films have used the tales of King Arthur and his knights either as direct source or as background. Many of these films can serve to illustrate directly the problems posed by conventions and preconceptions. As phenomena of the popular culture with which media-oriented students are familiar, they also provide a more immediate and profound means of access to the sometimes difficult works of the Arthurian literary tradition which, at least to the modern student, are clearly phenomena of 'high ' culture. (BAB)

Beattie, Blake. Rev. of A Short History of the Middle Ages. Barbara H. Rosenwein.Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 157-159.

Bednar, Maryanne R.. Rev. of The Extraordinary Adventures of Alfred Kropp. By Rick Yancey. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 124-125.

Bell, Kimberly. 'Merlin as Historian in Geoffrey of Monmouth 's Historia Regum Britannie. ' Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 14-26.

Abstract: Geoffrey of Monmouth uses the figure of Merlin to reveal metafictional levels of meaning in the HRB in order to foreground the historian 's role in shaping perceptions of history. (KB)

Benkov, Edith J. Rev. of Jaufre: An Occitan Arthurian Romance. Trans. and ed. Ross G. Arthur. Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 90-92.

Benson, C. David. Rev. of 'Songes of Rechelesnesse ': Langland and the Franciscans. By Lawrence M. Clopper. Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 132-33.

Berthelot, Anne. 'Merlin and the Ladies of the Lake. ' Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 55-82.

Abstract: The figure of Merlin has in most texts a close relationship with a feminine character, either Morgue or the Lady of the Lake. While Morgue is often depicted as a negative figure, the Lady of the Lake is described as a positive force in the Arthurian world.Technically, however, both characters tend to replace Merlin as the embodiment of magic and wisdom in the 13th century romances. (AB)

-------. Rev. of Pour un tombeau de Merlin: Due barde à la poésie modern. By Yves Vadé.Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 92.

-------. Rev. of La Mesnie Hellequin en conte et en rime: Mémoire mythique et poétique de la recomposition. By Karin Ueltschi. Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 130-31.

-------. Rev. of La légende du roi Arthur, 550–1250. By Martin Aurell. Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 99-100

Besserman, Lawrence. Rev. of A Manual of the Writings in Middle English, 1050-1500. Vol. 9: XXII, XXIII and XXIV. Gen.Ed. by Albert E. Hartung. Arthuriana 5.1 (Autumn 1995): 84-87.

Bisson, Lillian M.. Rev. of Pilgrimage: The English Experience from Becket to Bunyan. Colin Morris and Peter Roberts, eds. Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 103-104.

Blacker, Jean. 'Where Wace Feared to Tread: Latin Commentaries on Merlin 's Prophecies in the Reign of Henry II. ' Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 36-52.

Abstract: Political rather than aesthetic considerations led Wace to omit Merlin 's prophecies from the Roman de Brut (c. 1155). Anti-Norman overtones in John of Cornwall 's Prophetia Merlini (c. 1153-54) suggest that Wace 's fears of presenting political apocalyptic to a royal audience may not have been unfounded. (JB)

-------. Rev. of Codex and Context: Reading Old French Verse Narrative in Manuscript.By Keith Busby. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 85-87.

-------. 'Anglo-Norman Verse Prophecies of Merlin.' Arthuriana 15.1 (Spring 2005): 1-125.

-------. Rev. of Les prophéties de Merlin et la culture politique (XIIe – XVIe siècle). By Catherine Daniel. Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010):101-02.

Blaetz, Robin. Rev. of For Fear of the Fire: Joan of Arc and the Limits of Subjectivity. Francoise Meltzer. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 143-144.

Blanch, Robert J. 'George Romero 's Knightriders: A Contemporary Arthurian Romance. 'QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 61-69.

Abstract: Written and directed by George A. Romero, Knightriders provides a serious twentieth-century portrait of medieval life, a rendition of Arthurian lore as a living legend. Representing a unique cinematic vision of a contemporary Camelot, Romero 's movie focuses upon an itinerant performing troupe, which supports itself by staging medieval/Renaissance fairs in numerous Pennsylvania towns. Such pageants include artisans displaying their wares, musicians playing medieval airs, and armored jousters-bikers riding steel steeds (Harley-Davidsons and Yamahas), not horses. (RJB) [co-author: Julian N. Wasserman.]

-------. Rev. of The Arthurian Myth of Quest and Magic. Ed., William E. Tanner.Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 113-115.

-------. 'Fear of Flyting: The Absence of Internal Tension in Sword of the Valiant and First Knight. ' Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 15-32. (Co-author: Julean N. Wassamon)

Abstract: Despite the dramatic potential inherent in their Arthurian subject matter, Sword of the Valiant and First Knight are films which fail with both audiences and critics precisely because both films fail to include the internal tensions which are present in their respective medieval sources. (RJB/JNW)

-------. Rev. of Timeline. By Michael Crichton. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 69-71.

-------. Rev. of Gawain and the Green Knight. Films for the Humanities and Sciences.Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 124-126.

Blanchard, Laura. Rev. of The Arthurian Tradition: The Myths and Realities of Arthurian Legends. Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 171-173.

Blanton, Virginia. '‘Don’t worry, I won’t let them rape you’: Guinevere’s Agency in Jerry Bruckheimer’s King Arthur. ' Arthuriana 15.3 (Fall 2005): 91-112.

Abstract: By examining the production and reception of Knightley's Guinevere in King Arthur, this essay demonstrates how the portrayal addresses a contemporary audience. (VB)

-------.'‘…the queen in Amysbery, a nunne in whyght clothys and black…’: Guinevere’s Asceticism and Penance in Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur'  Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 52-75.

Abstract: This essay examines Malory’s presentation of Guenevere’s ascetic choices as abbess and considers how her behavior resonates with the choices of royal widows like Eleanor of Provence and her patronage of Amesbury. (VB)

Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia. Rev. of Cultures of Piety: Medieval English Devotional Literature in Translation Eds, Anne Clarke Bartlett and Thomas H. Bestul. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 104-105.

Bliss, Jane. 'Prophecy in the Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 13.1 (Spring 2003): 1-16.

Abstract: Prophecy, as narrative structure, is mediated through numerous prophetic voices, and illustrates a theme of human will struggling against God’s will and against Fate. (JB)

Blumreich, Kathleen M. Lesbian Desire in the Old French Roman de SilenceArthuriana7.2 (Summer 1997): 47-62.

Abstract: Eufemie, representative of 'natural ' heterosexuality, is praised and rewarded for her behaviors. Eufeme, the embodiment of 'unnatural ' lesbian desire, is executed for her heretical deviancy. (KMB)

-------. 'Strategies for Teaching the Roman de Silence'Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 92-100.

Abstract: As its title suggests, this piece offers a variety of strategies for teaching theRoman de Silence. Included here are ideas for small group, whole class, and research assignments.(KB)

Boardman, Phil. 'Searching for Arthur: Literary Highways, Electronic Byways, and Cultural Back Roads.' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 108-122.

Abstract: The Arthurian Annals project has been a fifteen-year effort to document the Arthurian tradition in English from the beginning of the fifteenth century through the year 2000. Including but extending far beyond familiar literary works, the Annalsdemonstrate that the vitality of the legend resides as much in the products of popular culture as in the great works of Arthurian literature. The research employed is described as well as some lessons learned about the transmission of the tradition. (DN and PB)

Bogdanow, Fanni. 'A Little Known Codex, Bancroft ms. 73, and its Place in the Manuscript Tradition of the Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal. ' Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 1-21.

Abstract: The extant mss. of the Vulgate Queste fall into two broad families, a and b. By far the largest number of mss. belong to family a. The Bancroft ms.(formerly Phillips 4377 and for a long time unavailable to scholars), derives from family b and is closely related to B.N. fr. 342. (FB)

-------. "Intertextuality and the Problem of the Relationship of the First and Second Versions of the Prose Tristan to the Post-Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal, third part of thePost-Vulgate Roman du Graal." Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 32-68.

Abstract: There is a close relationship between the Post-Vulgate Queste and theQueste incorporated into the 'Second Version ' of the Prose Tristan (Tr. II). Textual evidence would suggest that the compiler of Tr. II incorporated large sections of the P-V Queste (FB).

Bolduc, Michelle 'Images of Romance: The Miniatures of Le Roman de Silence. 'Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 101-112.

Abstract: If the manuscript illuminations of chivalric romance are typically active and courtly, those of the Roman de Silence visually highlight the romance 's preoccupation with language and gender.(MB)

Bollard, John K. 'Theme and Meaning in Peredur. ' Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 73-92.

Abstract: This article examines the episodic and thematic development of the WelshPeredur, proposing that the longer version of the White and Red Books is a unified tale concerned directly with such themes as courtesy, fame, and love. (JKB)

Bolton, Maureen. Rev. of Sheba 's Daughters. Whitening and Demonizing the Saracen Woman in the Medieval French Epic. By Jacqueline DeWeever. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 149-50.

Boos, Florence. 'William Morris, Robert Bulwer-Lytton, and the Arthurian Poetry of the 1850s. ' Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 31-53.

Abstract: This essay examines parallels between William Morris 's 1858 The Defence of Guenevere and Robert Edward Bulwer Lytton 's 1855 ClytemnestraThe Earl 's Return and Other Poems and explores reasons for Morris 's turn from Arthurian to other medieval romances in his later poetry. (FSB)

Boulanger, Jennifer. 'Righting History: Redemptive Potential and the Written Word in Malory. ' Arthuriana 19.2 (Summer 2009): 27-41.

Abstract: The written word in Malory’s Morte Darthur, in the form of tomb inscriptions and letter writing, has the power to affect redemption among the characters, author, and readers of the text. (JB)

Boyd, David L. 'Sodomy, Misogyny, and Displacement: Occluding Queer Desire in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. ' Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 77-114.

Abstract: By the late fourteenth century, the institution of chivalry had already lost much of its social value. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight attempts to defend chivalric ideals by blaming their decline on external forces: queer male behavior and desire that derives from the deceits and wiles of women. (DLB)

Brasington, Bruce C.Rev. of Ireland and the Grail By John Carey. Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 79-81

Brandsma, Frank. 'Hot Pursuit? Interlace and the Suggestion of Spatial Proximity in Chrétien de Troyes 's Yvainand in the Old French Prose Lancelot. ' Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 3-14.

Abstract: In Arthurian romance, narrative action often takes place in two or more locations simultaneously. The suggestion of spatial proximity is crucial to the narrative technique of both Yvain and the interlaced tale of the Prose Lancelot, as an analysis of episodes in which knights are pursued demonstrates. (FB)

Brasington, Bruce C.Rev. of The Historical Source Book For Scribes By Michelle P. Brown and Patricia Lovett. Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 112-13.

-------. Rev. of The Historical Source Book for Scribes. By Michelle P. Brown and Patiricia Lovette. Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 112-13.

Braun, Michele D.Rev. of The Merriest Knight: The Collected Arthurian Tales of Theodore Goodridge Roberts. By Mike Ashley. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 100-101.

Breeze, Andrew. Rev. of Glastonbury Abbey. By James P. Carley. Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 137-38.

-------. 'Caxton 's Prologue to Malory and the Welsh Brut. ' Arthuriana 9.3 (Fall 1999): 49-51.

Abstract: The Mysterious 'Welsh books ' on Arthur mentioned by Caxton in his preface to Malory were probably Welsh translations of Geoffrey of Monmouth 's History of the Kings of Britain. (AB)

-------. 'The Awntyrs off Arthure, Caephilly, Oysterlow, and Wexford. ' Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 63-68.

Abstract: References in The Awntyrs off Arthure to Kirfre , Vlstur Hall, Wayford, and Waterford have puzzled scholars , but they may be identified as Caerphilly and Oysterlow in South Wales, and Wexford and Waterford in Ireland. If so, they provide evidence to associate the poem with the young duke of York (d.1460), who was linked with the first three of these places, either directly or via his guardian. (AB)

-------. ' Sir John Stanley (c. 1350-1414) and the Gawain-poet. ' Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 15-30.

Abstract: Evidence from dialect, the Garter, the Wirral, southern France, and aristocratic life, suggest the Gawain-poet was perhaps John Stanley. His correspondence may confirm this. (AB)

-------. 'The Battle of Camlan and Camelford, Cornwall. ' Arthuriana 15.3 (Fall 2005): 75-90.

Abstract: The river Camel in north Cornwall has interested Arthurian scholars thanks to its supposed links with Arthur's last battle of Camlan. On this a study of comment from the sixteenth century onwards reveals growing skepticism; many now conclude that, even if a battle was fought at Camlan in 537, gaining a permanent place in Welsh tradition, there are no historical grounds to associate it with Arthur.(AB)

Brewer, Derek. Rev. of Enabling Love: In Search of Lost Sensibility. By C. Stephen Jaeger. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 124-128.

Brodman, Marian Masiuk. 'Terra Mater-Luxuria Iconography and the Caradoc Serpent Episode. ' QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 38-45.

Abstract: In the Livre de Caradoc symbolic connotations associated with the nurturing mother are underscored by the exposed breast and the milk in which the maiden Guinier sits. She clearly gives Caradoc new life and is diametrically opposed to his adulterous mother and his father who are responsible for Caradoc 's constriction. The maiden 's virginity, a prerequisite for the cure, blots out the ultimate cause of Caradoc 's suffering, the wanton sexual behavior of his mother. Life-giving sacrifice obliterates the death-bearing punishment. (MMB)

Brown, Emerson, Jr. Rev. of Approaches to Teaching the Arthurian Tradition. Ed. Maureen Fries and Jeanie Watson. Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 84-87.

Brown, James. Rev. of Wirnt von Gravenberg’s Wigalois: Intertextuality and Interpretation. By Neil Thomas. Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 76-77.

------.'Envisioning Salvation: An Ecumenical Ekphrasis in Wirnt von Gravenberg’s Wigalois. ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 6-20.

Abstract: In his only known romance, Wigalois, Wirnt von Gravenberg uses ekphrasis as a vehicle for articulating religious tolerance as well as differences between medieval Christians and Muslims, and offers an alternative image to what easily could have been an overly simplified, one-dimensional conception of Muslims during the period of the Crusades. (JHB)

Bruckner, Matilda Tomaryn. Rev. of La Destre et la senestre: Etude sur le Conte du Graal de
Chrétien de Troyes.
 By Barbara N. Sargent-Baur. Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 162-163.

------. Rev. of Ermengard of Narbonne and the World of the Troubadours. By Fredric L. Cheyette. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 94-95.

Brumlik, Joan. 'The Knight, the Lady, and the Dwarf in ChrÈtien 's Erec. ' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 54-72.

Abstract: The ugly dwarf is perhaps already at ChrÈtien 's time a stock performer in romance, one whose function it is to provoke strife and draw the knight into an adventure, as in later romances. In Erec, however, the dwarf is not simply a bit player in a single episode. The Yder trio is central to the action for most of the premiers vers,with ChrÈtien 's development of their return to court a prolonged play on the theme of three-in-one. His use of the dwarf as the personification of the challenge informs most of Eric 's adventures. Equally innovative is ChrÈtien 's use of Guivret, the dwarf-knight, ultimately emblematic of Erec 's coming of age within the medium of pure adventure, so that without anger, without any reason for his action, he instinctively accepts the challenge of the Joie, revealing the full distance traveled by the uncertain knight who first faced Yder 's challenge. (JB)

Bryan, Elizabeth J. 'Truth and the Round Table in Lawman 's Brut. ' QetF 2.4 (Winter 1992): 27-35.

Abstract: Even though it contains one of the earliest descriptions of the origin of the Round Table, Lawman 's Brut never actually calls the table 'round. ' Lawman 's table is, however, marvelous. Drawing the story from his primary source, Wace 's Roman de Brut, usually considered the earliest appearance of the Round Table, Lawman elaborated on Wace 's version in well-known ways. The effect of Lawman 's embellishment is to dramatize the Round Table as the solution to a problem, which is diagnosed after the fact by a woodworker to be hierarchical positioning at the dinner table. Lawman retains from Wace 's narrative a follow-up commentary on whether stories about the Round Table and King Arthur are truth or lies, but Lawman 's commentary says something rather different from Wace 's. The version of the origin of the Round Table in Lawman 's Brut is in fact a rather sophisticated meditation on history, narrative, and truth in which Lawman uses the table as a metaphor or model for the possibilities of true history. (EJB)

-------. 'Theoretical Approaches to Lawman 's Brut. ' Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 3-5.

Bryden, Inga. 'All Dressed UP: Revivalism and the Fashion for Arthur in Victorian Culture. ' Arthuriana 21.2 (Summer 2011): 28-41.

Abstract: This essay discusses the representation and cultural meanings of dress in relation to the Victorian medieval revival and popular fascination with the Arthurian legends. It considers the notion of ‘bodying forth’ the past by focusing on chivalric fashion and the symbolism of clothing in selected Pre-Raphaelite texts. (IB)

Buchelt, Lisabeth C. Rev. of The Scots and Medieval Arthurian Legend. Rhiannon Purdie and Nicola Ryan, eds. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 107-108.

Buckman, Ty. 'Introduction(with Charles Ross) ': 'An Arthurian Omaggio to Michael Murrin and James Nohrnberg. Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011):3-6.

-------. '‘Arthurian Torsos’ and Professor Nohrnberg’s Unrepeatable Experiment. ' Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011): 39-45.

Abstract: This essay identifies the ‘unrepeatable experiment’ that is at the core of James Nohrnberg’s critical work, especially The Analogy of The Faerie Queene, by following his reading of Arthur in the early part of the poem to the appearance of the Blatant Beast at the end. (TB)

Bugge, John. Rev. of Medieval Literature, Style, and Culture: Essays by Charles MuscatineArthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 114-16.

Bullough, Vern L. 'Medieval Concepts of Adultry ' Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 5-15.

Abstract: Medieval society based its response to adultery on Germanic and Roman law codes, but was in fact more liberal than either. Unlike its predecessors, medieval canon and secular law recognized the responsibility of both parties, rather than of just the woman, in the offense. St. Thomas Aquinas argued that it was a breach of trust. (CMA)

Burgwinkle, William.Rev. of Proverbs in Medieval Occitan Literature. By Wendy Pfeffer. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 90-91.

Burns, E. Jane. 'Devilish Ways: Sexing the Subject in the Queste del Saint Graal. 'Arthuriana. 8.2 (Summer 1998): 11-32.

Abstract: Amid the standard cast of knights and ladies at King Arthur 's court, the devil in the Queste del Saint Graal disrupts rigid social and linguistic categories of masculinity and femininity, subverting the regulatory, heterosexual norms that typically govern both ecclesiastical and courtly cultures in thirteenth-century France. (EJB)

Burr, Kristin L. Rev. of The Art of Illumination: The Limbourg Brothers and the Belles Heures of Jean de France, Duc de Berry.  By Timothy B. Husband. Arthuriana 19.4 (Winter 2009): 76-77.

Busby, Keith. Rev. of The Arthurian Way of Death: The English Tradition. By Karen Cherewatuk and K. S. Whetter. Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011): 110.

Buschinger, Danielle. 'Les ProblËmes de la Traduction des Textes MÈdiÈvaus Allemands dans les Langues Modernes. ' Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 224-32.

Abstract: By comparing the first two lines of Wolfram von Eschenbach 's Parzival with ll. 163ff of Hartmann von Aue 's Gregorius, this essay offers not only an interpretation of Wolfram 's work but an analysis of some problems confronting the contemporary translator of medieval texts. (DB)

Busse, Claire M..Rev. of Chaucer to Shakespeare, 1337-1580. Sunhee Kim Gertz.Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 129-130.

Butler, James A.Rev. of The Victorians. Ed. Malcom Warner, Anne Helmreich, and Charles Brock. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 112-13.

Calabrase, Michael. Rev. of Writing East: The Travels of Sir John Mandeville. By Ian Macleod Higgins. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 130-32.

Calkin, Siobhain Bly. 'Violence, Saracens, and English Identity in Of Arthour and of Merlin'. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 17-36.

Abstract: This essay examines the visions of Arthur and England advanced by Saracen-Christian violence in Of Arthour and of Merlin, and considers their pertinence to a fourteenth-century audience. (SBC)

Callahan, Christopher. 'Lyric Discourse and Female Vocality: On the Unsilencing of Silence'. Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 123-131.

Abstract: The practice of lyric allows both Silence and Nicolete of chantefable fame to transcend the limits of gender, by validating both their male and female personae at once. Whether purely literary convention or reality, this empowerment is characteristic of medieval lyric discourse. (CC)

Carey, Stephen Mark. 'Chartrian Influence and German Reception: Dating the Works of Chrétien de Troyes. ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 2-44.

Abstract: By examining the triangular relationship between the works of Chrétien de Troyes, Alain de Lille, and the German reception of French Romance, this essay argues for the acceptance of the dates proposed in Claude Luttrell’s Creation of the First Arthurian Romance (1974) as the standard for the composition of Chrétien’s oeuvre. (SMC)

Carley, James P. 'Polydore Vergil and John Leland on King Arthur: The Battle of the Books. 'AInt 15.2 (Spring 1984): 86-100.

Abstract: In the period after his death, John Leland was himself considered a very great authority on all aspects of the British past, and his literary remains were treasured objects. In his career as antiquary and topographer, he developed a passion for the past-- closely linked with a pride in the present-- quite unlike that of his predecessors. His treatment of the Arthurian legend is the first example of a new way of looking at Arthur, one in which the medieval romances have given place to a 'topo-chrono-graphicall ' mode. Leland sees a new kind of romance in historical fact, the myth buried in loving description of actual landscape. His adulation of Arthur as a man and his attraction to contemporary geography as a witness to the hero 's reality prefigure many elements of the Renaissance Arthurian revival. (JPC)

-------. Rev. of Arthurian Literature VIII and Arthurian Literature IX. Ed. Richard Barber.QetF 1.1 (Spring 1991): 78-80.

Carlson, David R. Rev. of Essays on Ricardian Literature in Honour of J.A. Burrow. Eds. A.J. Minnis, Charlotte C. Morse, and Thorlac Turville-Petre. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 155-57.

Carlson, John Ivor. 'Translating the Alliterative Morte Arthure into a Digital Medium: The Influence of Physical Context on Editorial Theory.' Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010): 28-44.

 Abstract: This article examines the impact of a modern digital edition of the Alliterative Morte Arthure on editorial rationale, arguing that a change in physical context entails a deep change in the analytical context within which the poem is perceived. More precisely, I will illustrate the ‘dynamic’ potential of a digital edition, which allows an editor or reader to accommodate multiple reading texts reflecting different degrees of editorial certainty, and thus constitutes a significant advance compared to more traditional methods of presentation. Ultimately the possibility of contemplating such plural, open-ended and provisional possibilities within the context of a digital edition of the Morte Arthure widens the range of editorial and interpretive interaction with the text itself. (JIC)

Carr, Annemarie Weyl. Rev. of From Byzantium to Modern Greece: Medieval Texts and Their Modern Reception. By Roderick Beaton. Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010).

Carruthers, Leo. Rev. of Gold-hall and Earth-dragon: Beowulf as Metaphor. By Alvin A. Lee. Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 113-15.

Cartwright, Kent. Rev. of Christian Humanism in the Late English Morality Plays by Dorothy H. Brown. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).\

Cassagnes-Brouguet. Rev of The Illustrated Lancelot Prose: Essays on the Lancelot of Yale 229. By Elizabeth Moore Willingham. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 103.

Castor, Helen. Rev. of The Life and Times of Sir Thomas Malory. By P.J.C. Field. Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 274-76.

Cavallo, Jo Ann. 'Corcodiles and Crusades: Egypt in Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato and Ariosto's Orlando Furioso. ' Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011):85-96.

Abstract: Boiardo’s Orlando Innamorato and Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso take quite opposite approaches to the Crusading ideology found in Carolingian epic. This article probes these differences by comparing their respective development of the episode of the magus Orilo/Horrilo at Damietta and its surrounding narrative context. (JC)

Cawsey, Kathy. 'Merlin 's Magical Writing: Writing and the Written Word in Le Morte Darthur and the English Prose Merlin ' Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 89-102.

Chance, Jane. Rev. of Bodytalk: When Women Speak in Old French Literature. By E. Jane Burns. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 111-13.

-------. Rev. of Before the Closet: Same- Sex Love from 'Beowulf ' to 'Angels in America. 'By Allen J. Frantzen. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 125-29.

-------. Rev. of God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages.Barbara Newman. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 100-102.

-------. Rev. of From Plato to Lancelot: A Preface to Chrétien de Troyes. By K. Sarah-Jane Murray. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2008. Pp. xxii, 317; 11 black-and-white illustrations.

Chase, Carol. Rev. of The Book of Chivalry of Geoffroi de Charny. Ed. Richard W. Kaeuper and Elspeth Kennedy. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 80-82.

Cherewatuk, Karen. 'The Saint 's Life of Sir Launcelot: Hagiography and the Conclusion of Malory 's Morte Darthur. ' Arthuriana 5.1 (Spring 1995): 62-78.

Abstract: Malory 's version of the death of Sir Lancelot amplifies the religious component of his inherited story. When seen against a backdrop of popular hagiography, especially The Golden Legend, one can see that Malory casts Lancelot as an exemplar of Christian conversion and repentance. (KC)

-------. 'Born-Again Virgins and Holy Bastards: Bors and Elyne and Lancelot and Galahad. ' Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 52-64.

Abstract: Despite the ethic of the Sankgreal, the presence of fathers and their illegitimate sons has positive features and, in Lancelot, suggests a tragic play of emotions. (KC)

-------. Rev. of Essays on English Literature and Languages in Honor of Shunichi Noguchi. Eds. Masahiko Kanno, Masahiko Agari, and Gregory K. Jember. Arthuriana8.3 (Fall 1998): 108-109.

-------. Rev. of Malory 's Grail Seekers and Fifteenth-Century English Hagiography. By Alfred Robert Kraemer. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 132-133.

-------. Rev. of The Knight without the Sword:A Social Landscape of Malorian Chivalryby Hyonjin Kim. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

-------. 'An Introduction to Aural Malory: Sessions and Round Tables. ' Arthuriana 13.4 (Winter 2003): 3-13.

Abstract: This introduction explains how the project 'Reading Malory Aloud, Then and Now ' was born and anticipates some of the lessons of voicing and hearing Le Morte Darthur. (KC)

-------. Rev. of A Companion to the Lancelot-Grail Cycle. Ed. Carol Dover. Arthuriana14.3 (Fall 2004). 97-99.

-------. 'Maloryπs Launcelot and the Language of Sin and Confession. ' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 68-72.

Abstract: Malory takes Launcelot through two stages of the sacrament of penance, contrition, and confession in the Sankgreal, but delays the third stage of confession until the penitentπs satisfaction proves equal to his sin and earns him salvation. (KC)

------. Rev. of Re-Viewing Le Morte Darthur. K.S. Whetter and Raluca L. Radulescu.Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 119-121.

------. Rev. of The Fortunes of King Arthur. By Norris J. Lacy, ed. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 100-101

------. Becoming Male, Medieval Mothering, and Incarnational Theology in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the Book of Margery Kempe. Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 15-24

Abstract: References to the Nativity and the suffering of Christ reveal that gendered behaviors help Margery but hinder Gawain in fully accepting incarnational devotion. (KC)

Chickering, Howell. Rev. of Sealed in Parchment: Rereadings of Knighthood in the Illuminated Manuscripts of ChrÈtien de Troyes. By Sandra Hindman. Arthuriana 5.1 (Spring 1995): 83-84.

-------. Rev. of 'Strong of Body, Brave and Noble ': Chivalry and Society in Medieval France. By Constance Brittain Bouchard. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 146-148.

-------. Rev. of Public reading and the Reading Public in Late Medieval England and France. By Joyce Coleman. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 107-108.

Chism, Christine. 'Friendly Fire: The Disastrous Politics of Friendship in the Alliterative Morte Arthure.' Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010): 66-88.

Abstract: This article counterposes the Alliterative Morte Arthure with the late fourteenth-century court of Richard II to explore the politics of royal friendship, patronage, and chivalric noriture, arguing that the poem responds to the contemporaneous politicization of the king’s love. The Morte Arthure pursues the disastrous consequences of the politics of friendship for Arthur and his court as a way of thinking through the passionate political coalitions whose repeated engagement brought down the Lords Appellant, the protégés of Richard II, and eventually the king himself. (CC)

-------. Rev. of Crossing Borders: Love Between Women in Medieval French and Arabic Literature. By Sahar Amer. Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010).

Christensen, Peter G. Rev. of Chaucer at Large: The Poet in the Modern Imagination by Steve Ellis. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

Christoph, Siegfried. 'Hospitality and Status: Social Intercourse in Middle High German Arthurian Romance and Courtly Narrative. ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 45-64.

Abstract: Within medieval German Arthurian romance and courtly narrative leading nobles actively cultivate hospitality and jealously guard their roles within this fundamental social institution. In these texts ideas about hospitality center on notions of power and status, and hospitality becomes an important expression of the implicit rules governing social discourse. (SC)

Christopher, Joe R. [Poem] 'Cibus Narrantibus. ' AInt 1.1 (Fall 1986): 75.

-------. 'A Second View of Castleview. ' QetF 3.3 (Fall 1993): 66-76.

Abstract: In 1990 Gene Wolfe published a novel, Castleview, which was reviewed rather negatively the next year by Algis Budrys in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. Because Wolfe 's novel was a delight when read soon after publication, and since Budrys is usually a perceptive reviewer, attention must be devoted to a few aspects of Castleview to show that the book is not as obscure as Budrys makes it out to be. The structure of the novel is an imitation of the traditional Arthurian entrelacement. (JRC)

Church, Lori A. Rev. of Medieval Arthurian Literature: A Guide to Recent Research. Ed. Norris J. Lacy. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 142.

Cichon, Michael. Insult and Redress in Cyfraith Hywel Dda and Welsh Arthurian Romance.Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 27-43.

Abstract: This article, treating the laws in their context as well as specific legal references in the romances, examines the transactional nature of insult and redress as portrayed on medieval Welsh law and literature. The laws contain commentary on hierarchy and behavior, and the narrative show to some extent how the laws worked. Both shed light on the values of the society that produced the literature. (MC)

Clark, Robert L. A. 'Queering Gender and Naturalizing Class in the Roman de Silence'.Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 50-63.

Abstract: A queer reading allows us to see how the text 's sodomitic moments not only serve to destabilize sex-gender categories but also point to a more general anxiety about the coherence of categories of race and class. Noble birth emerges as the only stable referent, the only work of Nature not undone by Nurture. (RLAC)

Clarke, Catherine A.M. Rev. of The Art of Words: Bede and Theodulf. By Paul Meyvaert. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 107-08.

Clarkson, Tim. Rev. of Armourers. By Matthias Pfaffenbichler. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 88-89.

-------. Rev. of Chronicles of the Vikings: records, memorials, and myths. By R.I. Page. 
Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 134-135.

-------. Rev. of The Arthuriad of Catamandus By Fredrick Lees. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 105-106.

Classen, Albrecht. Rev. of The Poetics of Authorship in the Later Middle Ages. The Emergence of the Modern Literary Persona. By Burt Kimmelman. Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 140-42.

-------. Rev. of Daily Life in the Late Middle Ages By Richard Britnell. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 118-19.

-------. Rev. of The Horse in the Middle Ages By Ann Hyland. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 132-33.

-------. Rev. of Anger 's Past. The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages. Ed. Barbara H. Rosenwein. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 137-38.

-------. Rev. of Till Eulenspiegel, His Adventures. By Paul Oppenheimer, ed. and trans.Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 146-147.

-------. 'Courtliness and Transgression at Arthur’s Court with Emphasis on the Middle High German Poet Neidhart and the Anonymous Verse Novella Mauritius von Craûn. ' Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 3-19.

Abstract: Despite all efforts by courtly poets to maintain the impression of stability and continuity within the courtly world, by the early thirteenth century individual texts such as the poems by Neidhart and the anonymous verse narrative Mauritius von Craûn signal transgression of the ideal of courtly love. These texts undermine traditional courtly values, thus illustrating how much the Arthurian world lacked any real strategies to combat moral and ethical threats affecting aristocracy at large. (AC)

Clifton, Nicole. 'Of Arthour and of Merlin as Medieval Children’s Literature.' Arthuriana13.2 (Summer 2003): 9-22.

Abstract: This comparison of the Middle English Auchinleck manuscript’s romance Of Arthour and of Merlin to its Old French source suggests that this poem is the earliest instance of Arthurian children’s literature in English. (NC)

Cochran, Rebecca. 'Swinburne 's Concept of the Hero in The Tale of Balen . ' AInt 1.1 (Fall 1986): 47-53.

Abstract: Swinburne 's The Tale of Balen (1896) is more than a retelling of Malory 's episode. In it Swinburne attempted to impart to the Balen legend the dignity of classical tragedy, with its accent on inexorable fate. The Tale of Balen serves as a successful rebuttal of Tennyson 's 'Balin and Balan ' because Swinburne adhered closely to his medieval sources and restored Balin 's dignity. In addition, by 'purifying ' Malory 's Balen episode, Swinburne achieved something of the tragic sublimity at which he aimed in his retelling of the legend. Swinburne 's tightening of the diffuse medieval narrative and his enhancement of the value and intensity of Balen 's courageous deeds raised to tragic stature a figure who did not fare so well in either Malory or Tennyson. Swinburne created his own deterministic version of Balen 's tragic life, without destroying the medieval spirit of the tale. (MLD)

-------. 'Edwin Arlington Robinson 's Arthurian Poems: Studies in Medievalisms? ' AInt 3.1 (Fall 1988): 49-60.

Abstract: Alice Chandler, along with Walter Pater and J.H. Shorthouse before her, recognizes the differences between the use of medieval material and a medievalism which reveres and attempts to reconstruct the Middle Ages. While some works which employ a medieval subject may possess great merit, they may still not serve as examples of medievalism. Edwin Arlington Robinson 's Merlin, Lancelot, and Tristram are just such modern adaptations which do not constitute medievalism, even though they are arguably the best of their kind in the twentieth century. (MLD)

-------. Rev. of Arthur, The Greatest King: An Anthology of Modern Arthurian Poetry.Ed. Alan Lupack. AInt 3.2 (Spring 1989): 138-40.

-------. Rev. of Legendary Britain: An Illustrated Journey. By Bob Stewart and John Matthews. AInt 4.2 (Spring 1990): 85-87.

-------. Rev. of The Arthurian revival in Victorian Art. By Debra N. Mancoff. QetF 1.1 (Spring 1991): 94-97.

-------, and Sam Umland. Rev. of The Myths and Legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Composer Rick Wakeman. QetF 1.2 (Summer 1991): 88-91.

-------. Rev. of Camelot Regained: The Arthurian revival and Tennyson 1800-1849. By Roger Simpson. QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 88-91.

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome & the Members of Interscripta. 'The Armour of an Alienating Identity. ' Arthuriana 6.4 (Winter 1996): 1-24.

Abstract: This essay examines the construction of masculinity in medieval culture. Heroism and sanctity organize the masculine body into a cultural coherence that is always both powerful and fragile. Identity in the Middle Ages depends upon an array of changing phenomenam from medical theory and manner of dress to martial activity and relation to other gendered bodies. (JJC)

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. Rev. of Drama and Resistance: Bodies, Goods, and Theatricality in Late Medieval England. By Claire Sponsler. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 100-101.

Coleman, Joyce. Rev. of Reading Romance: Literary, Psychology, and Malory 's 'Le Morte D 'Arthur '. By Margaret duMais Svogun. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 144.

-------. 'Reading Malory in the Fifteenth Century: Aural Reception and Performance Dynamics 'Arthuriana 13.4 (Winter 2003): 48-70.

Abstract: This article explores the external and internal evidence that Malory wrote theMorte for public reading, then speculates about how such a reading session would proceed. (JC)

Collette, Carolyn P.. Rev. of Chaucer and Langland: The Antagonistic Tradition. By John M. Bowers. Arthuriana 17.4 (Fall 2007): 119.

Collins, Frank. 'A Semiotic Approach to ChrÈtien de Troyes 's Erec et Enide. ' AInt 15.2 (Spring 1984): 25-31.

Abstract: With a model, discoverable after an actantial study of the premiers vers, there comes an important new argument to advance in favor of the view that the principal theme of Erec et Enide is the couple 's discovery, together, of ChrÈtien 's lasting ideal of chivalry. It is not just a model, concocted after the fact to fit the desired interpretation. It is one which properly takes into account Erec 's speech before the adventure of the Joie de la Cour by joining Erec and Enide together in the role of subject, and it allows the reader to join in the discovery of an ideal that is truly worthy of being the object in this rich Arthurian romance. (FC)

Combs, Annie. 'From Quest to Quest: Perceval and Galahad in the Prose Lancelot. 'Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 7-30.

Abstract: The Lancelot 's long-standing 'internal contradiction ' is generated by a long-term strategy that not only authorizes a double reading, but also holds the key to the work 's mysterious construction of Lancelot 's genealogy. (AC)

Conlee, John. 'Warwick Deeping's Uther and Igraine. ' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 88-95.

Abstract: In Uther and Igraine, Warwick Deeping creates an elaborate narrative context for the tale of Uther Pendragon's great love for Igraine, the wife of Gorlois, the Duke of Tintagel. Deeping thoroughly re-inscribes the novel's three main characters, and in so doing anticipates several developments in Arthurian fiction that we tend to associate more with the second half of the twentieth century, especially with the novels of Mary Stewart and Marion Zimmer Bradley. (JC)

Cooper, Helen. 'Lancelot's Wives. ' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 59-62.

Abstract: In a German romance of Anglo-Norman origin, a fifteenth-century chronicle and a sixteenth-century potboiler, Lancelot takes the role not of adulterous lover but of suitor and husband. (HC)

-------. 'Malorys for Teaching and Reading (The Round Table).' Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 95-99.

Cooper, Lisa H.. 'Bed, Boat, and Beyond: Fictional Furnishing in La Queste del Saint Graal. ' Arthuriana 15.3 (Fall 2005): 26-50.

Abstract: The Siege Perilleux, the Round Table, and the Bed of Solomon function in theQueste del Saint Graal not only as narratological devices but also, and despite the tale's insistence on their spiritual meaning, as forceful reminders of the material world and the materiality of the text itself. (LHC)

-------. Rev. of The Object and the Cause in the Vulgate Cycle. Miranda Griffin. Arthuriana16.4 (Winter 2006): 88-89.

Coote, Lesley. Rev. of Prophecy, Politics and the People in Early Modern England.Ed.Tim Thornton Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 120-121.

Cor, M. Antonia. Rev. of The Pendragon Chronicles: Heroic Fantasy From the Time of King Arthur. Ed. Mike Ashley. QetF 2.3 (Summer 1992): 74-76.

-------.Rev. of The Romance of Perlesvaus. By Jessie L. Weston. Ed. Janet Grayson. QetF1.1 (Spring 1991): 97-100.

Corbellari, Alain. 'Love's Ruses and Traps in Late Arthurian Literature: A Reading of Pierre Sala's Tristan et Lancelot.' Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 20-31.

Abstract: Reconsidering from a surprisingly modern perspective the relationships among the great Arthurian knights Pierre Sala's Tristan et Lancelot reflects the crisis in values characteristic of late medieval literature. (AC)

Cormier, Raymond. [Poem] 'LÈgende Arthurienne . ' AInt 2.2 (Spring 1988): 79.

-------. Rev. of The Envy of Angels: Cathedral Schools and Social Ideals in Medieval Europe, 950-1200. By C. Stephen Jaeger. Arthuriana 5.1 (Autumn 1995): 105-106.

-------. Rev. of Wace 's Roman de Brut: A History of the British. Ed. and Trans. Judith Weiss. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 125-128.

------. Rev. of Le Roman de Brut: the French Book of Brutus. Arthur Wayne Glowka, trans.Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 115-117.

Couch, Julie Nelson. 'Howard Pyle’s Story of King Arthur and His Knights and the Bourgeois Boy Reader.' Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 38-53.

Abstract: This analysis of Howard Pyle’s use of genre-based exclusions to construct an American bourgeois boy reader challenges the accepted idea that The Story of King Arthur and His Knights presents a truly democratized Arthurian world. (JNC)

-------. 'Introduction: Tom Hanks, The Voice of Malory.' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 5-7.

Crawford, Deborah K.E. 'St Joseph and Britain: The Old French Origins ' Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 1-20.

Abstract: The association of Joseph of Arimathea with the grail and Britain in earlyArthurian romance was caused by the identification of the grail as a blood relic. Afurther association with Joseph would have been virtually automatic, since Joseph and the Crucifixion story were already part of popular tradition. (DKEC)

Crawford, Deborah. Rev. of St. Joseph of Arimathea at Glastonbury or The Apostolic Church of Britain. By Lionel Smithett Lewis. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 107-108.

Crocker, Holly A. Rev. of Medieval Go-Betweens and Chaucer's Pandarus. By Gretchen Mieszkowski. Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 83.

Crofts, Thomas Howard. Rev. of Latin Arthurian Literature. Mildred Leake Day. Arthuriana16.4 (Winter 2006): 85-87.

-------.'The Occasion of the Morte Arthure: Textual History and Marginal Decoration in the Thornton MS.' Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010): 5-27.

Abstract: The physical make-up of the Morte Arthure section of Lincoln Cathedral MS 91 is rich in information about Robert Thornton’s copying, and understanding, of the alliterative poem. The illustrations that accompany the Morte—including an amateur ‘frontispiece’ added much later—form an attentive and evolving response to the poem. (THC)

-------. Rev. of Christianity and Romance in Medieval England. By Rosalind Field, Phillipa Hardman, and Michelle Sweeney. Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011): 114-15.

Crosbie, Christopher J. 'Sexuality, Corruption, and the Body Politic: The Paradoxical Tribute of The Misfortunes of Arthur to Elizabeth I. ' Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 27-43.

Abstract: Thomas Hughes 's The Misfortunes of Arthur pays homage to Elizabeth I through its eclectic use of Arthurian traditions and by examining the corrupted sexuality of the body politic. (CJC)

Curley, Michael J. 'Arthurian Literature of the Middle Ages: A National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for Secondary School Teachers. ' Arthuriana 4.4 (Winter 1994): 392-401.

Curtis, Jan. 'Byzantium and the Matter of Britain: The Narrative Framework of Charles Williams 's Later Arthurian Poems. ' QetF 2.1 (Spring 1992): 28-54.

Abstract: In his later Arthurian cycle, Taliessin Through Logres and The Region of the Summer Stars, Charles Williams defines a theology of physical beatitude in the language of dogma and myth. His earlier poetic version of the 'palpable god ' and 'grace transformed to matter ' is now articulated by the character of Arthur 's court and the sixth-century Welsh poet, Taliessin, whose vision of the Empire defines the inscape of the Divine City and the possibility of realizing the expectation of heaven. Helping to fulfill that possibility is the task entrusted to Taliessin, who is called upon to know the Empire, to rescue Arthur at Badon and to stand by Arthur in building the kingdom of Logres. The cornerstone of Williams 's version of the Arthurian myth is the Grail. The protector, visionary, and poet of the Arthurian realm is Druid-born Taliessin through whom Williams envisions the Empire and the preparation of Logres for the Parousia. (JC)

-------. 'Charles Williams 's "The Sister of Percivale": Towards a Theology of Theotokos. 'QetF 2.4 (Winter 1992): 56-72.

Abstract: The later Arthurian poems dramatize Charles Williams 's theology of the 'holy and glorious flesh ' and tell a tale of an age-long quest in which man 's proper function is the mortal maternity of God. In Taliessin Through Logres and The Region of the Summer Stars, Williams follows in pain and sorrow and woeful adventure the soul 's fulfillment and betrayal of its proper function as Theotokos, the mortal maternity of Godhead, and Keeper of the Holy Grail. (JC)

-------. 'A Confluence of Pagan-Celtic and Christian Traditions in Charles Williams 's "Bors to Elayne: The Fish of Broceliande." ' Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 96-111.

Abstract: Bors 's love song addresses Elayne in the Celtic tradition of poet as prophet and in the Christian tradition of seeker of God for whom romantic love is an elaborate conceit for the divine revelation.(JC)

Curtis, RenÈ L. 'The Perception of the Chivalric Ideal in ChrÈtien de Troyes 's Yvain. ' AInt3.2 (Spring 1989): 1-22.

Abstract: ChrÈtien 's most biting sarcasm in Yvain is directed against the knights of Laudine 's court and not those of Arthur 's. He depicts their cowardliness with much humor. These courtiers are very different from Arthur 's knights, for not one of them would take up shield or lance to defend the fountain, thus suggesting that cowardice and lack of initiative are what ChrÈtien abhors most of all. The picture of Laudine 's court in fact shows up Arthur 's standards and values in a very favorable light, and gives a clear picture of what are ChrÈtien 's priorities. The idea of knighthood dedicated to the service of others which Yvain embraces in the second part of the romance is no doubt the chivalric ideal which ChrÈtien is propagating in the Chevalier au Lion, but nowhere does he imply in the text that this is in any way divergent from the Arthurian ideal. (RLC)

-------. 'Physical and Mental Cruelty in the Lais of Marie de France. ' Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 22-35.

Abstract: Though it is commonly assumed that Marie 's Lais depict a harmonious society in which tenderness prevails, this essay demonstrates that her Lais abound with vicious characters, often thwarted lovers, showing that Marie is clear-sighted enough to see that Love can corrupt as well as ennoble.(RLC)

Dahmen, Lynne. 'Sacred Romance: Silence and the Hagiographical Tradition. ' Arthuriana12.1 (Spring 2002): 113-122.

Abstract: The tradition of vitae, specifically of crossdressing female saints, serves as an important source and point of reference for this didactic romance.(LD)

-------.Rev. of The Matter of Identity in Medieval Romance. Phillipa Hardman, ed.Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 93-94.

Davidson, Roberta. 'Prison and Knightly identity in Sir Thomas Malory 's Morte Darthur. 'Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 54-63.

Abstract: Due to his incarceration, Malory was forced to solve the problem of proving knightly identity when the knight is unable to express that identity physically. He redefines the nature of knightly action as internal prowess. (RD)

-------. 'Reading Like a Woman in Malory’s Morte Darthur.' 16.1 Arthuriana (Spring 2006): 21-33.

Abstract: Women characters’ position as involved spectators facilitates their use as readers and teachers in Morte Darthur. Malory’s use of these characters to model the act of reading reflects his own position as a redactor and involved, analytical reader of his sources. (RD)

-------. 'The Reel Arthur: Politics and Truth Claims in Camelot, Excalibur and King Arthur.' 17.2 Arthuriana (Summer 2007): 62-84.

Abstract: Filmmakers use King Arthur as a platform for their own agendas and as a figure of hope. Examination of three works reveals a range of implicit and explicit politics. (RD)

-------. Rev. of Arthuriana Writers: A Bibliographical Encyclopedia. Laura Cooner Lambdin and Robert Thomas Lambdin, eds. Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 81.

-------. 'Parke Godwin and the Lessons of History.' Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 20-30.

Abstract: Authors of historical fiction claim that their work restores a narrative of meaning to the past, and that it recovers the experiences of those individuals or groups who have been excluded from the formal historical record. This two-fold function is particularly important to Parke Godwin, who suggests that, to recreate the past, the storyteller must be willing both to utilize and to go against the historical record. He positions himself as a kind of ‘pagan,’ resurrecting an older, more ‘authentic’ world to which he postulates Arthur belonged. (RD)

Davis, AlexScenes of Instruction in Renaissance Romance. By Jeff Dolven. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2007. Pp. 281.

Day, David D. Rev. of A Beowulf Handbook. By Robert J. Bjork and John D. Niles.Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 143-145.

Day, Mildred Leake. 'Scarlet Surcoat and Gilded Armor: The Literary Tradition of Gawain 's Costume in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and De ortu Waluuanii. ' AInt 15.2 (Spring 1984): 53-58.

Abstract: The red surcoat and golden armor that Gawain wears in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight are the result of the working and re-working of the Gawain materials by many poets. The Gawain-poet has created from this complex of tales a work that is tradition and art, both contributing to the poem 's suspense and development. When the poet garbs his hero in red and gold, he also clothes him in the glory of his past exploits, reminding all who know the stories how magnificent Gawain 's career has been. Nothing is more poignant than the scene on New Year 's when Gawain, once more dressed in full regalia, wraps the green lace over his red surcoat. He literally wears the iconography for the ensuing action. Moments later he flinches from the axe blow, and the Green Knight declares, 'Thou art not Gawayn. ' As the green girdle compromises the red surcoat, so has Gawain 's behavior compromised his identity. He rides forth with the green girdle obliquely across the red surcoat and pentangle like a bar sinister. (MLD)

-------. 'Sir Gawain and the Greek Fire: The Impact of Technology on the Heroic Imagination inDe ortu Waluuanii. ' AInt 1.1 (Spring 1986): 12-18.

Abstract: The episode in the romance De ortu Waluuanii where Sir Gawain must leap aboard a pirate ship attacking with Greek fire--unique in Arthurian literature--may be one of the earliest examples of the impact of changed military weaponry on the heroic imagination. Because the structure of De ortu is a fully developed hero tale, the place and function of the episode can be examined in that context; and its significance in defining the culture hero of the twelfth century may be explored. Gawain confronts the new technology of the Greek fire as the adventure immediately precedes his true challenge, single combat for Jerusalem. Structurally, it is the final danger before the ultimate quest. Gawain must face the real horror, the weapon which was demoralizing the Crusaders, who actually fought to defend Jerusalem. Only after meeting this last test is Gawain qualified to act as champion for Empire and Faith. Gawain meets the challenge, destroys the weapon, and goes forth to protect Jerusalem. He is a true culture hero of his time and a man worthy to replace Arthur as the supreme knight of Britannia. Gawain must attack the seaman operating the machine, an anonymous figure far removed from the evil genius who created it. Once the new technology of Greek fire and gunpowder become the menace, the heroic age has ended. (MLD)

-------.Rev. of The Household of the Grail. By John Matthews. QetF 1.2 (Summer 1991): 81-84.

-------. Rev. of The Magical Quest: The Use of Magic in Arthurian Romance; Magical Thought in Creative Writing: The Distinctive Roles of Fantasy & Imagination in Fiction; Traditional Romance and Tale. By Anne Wilson. QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 91-93.

-------.Rev. of 'An Extraordinary Assortment of Irregularities ': The Celtic Literature of Defeat. By Charles Moorman. Quondam et Futurus: AInt 3.1 (Spring 1993): 72-74.

Dean, Christopher. 'The Many Faces of Merlin in Modern Fiction. ' AInt 3.1 (Fall 1988): 61-78.

Abstract: Mary Stewart 's attempt to make Merlin totally human does not really work; nevertheless her novels are a significantly new way of presenting Merlin; for she has blazed an original trail that others will follow. But the most inventive use of Merlin as opposed to just a new presentation of the traditional character is that in Firelord by Parke Godwin. Combining traditional elements of Merlin as prophet, teacher, and divinely-inspired agent of the gods, Godwin makes Merlin totally a figment of Arthur 's imagination seen only by him and no one else. In this way Arthur 's character can be shown in its complexity by externalizing the debates and conflicts in his mind as well as showing his hopes and dreams. Yet at the same time this method demonstrates how Arthur is pushed along a predetermined path that he cannot avoid and how in the last resort he is no more than a pawn in the hands of fate. (CD)

Delany, Sheila. Rev. of Chaucer 's Open Books: Resistance to Closure in Medieval Discourse. By Rosemarie P. McGerr. Arthuriana 9.3 (Fall 1999): 122-23.

Denton, Jeannette Marshall 'An Historical Linguistic Description of Sir Thomas Malory 's Dialect. ' Arthuriana 13.4 (Winter 2003): 14-47.

Abstract: Late Middle English sound changes may have shaped Malory 's northeastern Warwickshire dialect and that of his upper-class London audience. (JMD)

Dentzien, Nicole. 'Hans Sachs’s Arthurian Chastity Test.' Arthuriana 13.1 (Spring 2003): 43-65.

Abstract: Using Hans Sachs’s ehbrecher brugk as an example, this essay demonstrates the development of the bridge chastity-test motif in German literature from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, concentrating on changes in transmission and reception. (ND)

De Bundel, Katty 'Hi sette sijn vechten an hare minne: Love and Adventure in Die Wrake van Ragisel ' Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 26-38.

AbstractDie Wrake van Ragisel, as it appears in the Middle Dutch Lancelot compilation, is an adaptation of an older translation into Middle Dutch of the Old French La Vengeance Raguidel. This article reads Die Wrake van Ragisel as a parody of the traditional themes of worldy chivalry and love. To this end special attention is paid to changes vis-à-vis the original and the consequences these have for our interpretation of the romance. The resulting reading argues for a meaningful role ofDie Wrake van Ragiselwithin the compilation as a whole. (DFJ)

De Weever, Jacqueline. Rev. of The Arthurian Name Dictionary. By Christopher W. Bruce. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 119-21.

-------. Rev. of Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality & Demonology in the Middle Ages. By Dyan Elliott. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 71-72

-------. Rev. of Mastering Aesop: Medieval Education, Chaucer, and His Followers. By Edward Wheatley. Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 132-33.

-------. Rev. of Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies. By D. Fairchild Ruggles, ed.. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 114-116.

-------. Rev. of Women Medievalists and the Academy. Ed. Jane Chance. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 98-100.

-------. 'Introduction: The Saracens as Narrative Knot. ' Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 4-9.

-------. Rev. of Boundaries in Medieval Romance. By Neil Cartlidge. Studies in Medieval Romance. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2008. Pp. x 198.

Dick, Ernst S. 'The German Gawein: Diu Cr(TM)ne and Wigalois. ' AInt 15.2 (Spring 1984): 11-17.

Abstract: Gawein 's function as a new type of hero in courtly romance is also that of an anti-Parzival. Like Parzival, he is once portrayed in the likeness of an angel. At the same time, his value as a hero, his tiure, is also compared with the value of gold. He is perfect, but capable of purification. No doubt Gawein 's mythic stature is meaningfully strengthened in Diu Cr(TM)ne, but so is his potential as a perfect knight with an individualized record of chivalrous achievements. His emergence as a protagonist is completed. (ESD)

Dittmar, Mary Lynne. 'A Psychologist Responds to "A Little Acknowledged Theme." ' QetF1.4 (Winter 1991): 36-38.

Abstract: Peter Meister 's 'mirror ' between shadow and persona, as manifested in the rapists and heroes of the courtly romance, is complemented by a mirror between male characters and their animas, as projected onto women. It is worth investigating the extent to which this 'little acknowledged theme ' of rape underlies the plot construction in other examples of this literature. In any case, Meister 's analysis of this aspect of the courtly romance results in the transformation of the heroic quest from an endeavor of noble origin to the visible aspect of a more complex pattern which is inherently violent toward women. (MLD)

Dobyns, Ann. 'Introduction: Rhetorical Approaches to Malory 's Morte Darthur. ' Co-arthured by Anne Laskaya. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 3-9.

Doherty, John J. '"A land shining with goodness": Magic and Religion in Stephen R. Lawhead 's Taliesin, Merlin, and Arthur. ' Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 57-66.

Abstract: Religion is a common theme in science fiction and fantasy. Stephen R. Lawhead 's fantasy Pendragon Cycle tells of the conflict between Christian and pagan religions, in which the outcome is the Christian Arthurian realm of the Kingdom of Summer. (JJD)

Donahue, Dennis P. 'The Darkly Chronicled King: An Interpretation of the Negative Side of Arthur in Lawman 's Brut and Geoffrey 's Historia. ' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 135-147.

Abstract: Analysis of Arthur in Geoffrey 's HRB, Lawman 's source once removed, and of Lawman 's theme of good counsel suggests that Lawman intended a dark portrait of Arthur. (DPD)

Donavin, Georgiana. 'Elaine 's Epistolarity: The Fair Maid of Astolat 's Letter in Malory 'sMorte Darthur. ' Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 68-82.

Abstract: This essay argues that Malory employs dictaminal conventions from the medieval letter writing tradition to construct a feminist subjectivity in the figure of Elaine of Astolat. (GD)

Doner, Janet R. 'Illuminating Romance: Narrative, Rubric, and Image in Mons, BU 331/206, Paris, BN, fr. 1453, and Paris, BN, fr. 12577. 'Arthuriana 9.3 (Fall 1999): 3-27.

Abstract: Close examination of MSS PSU of the Continuation-Gauvain reveals distinctive patterns of narrative-rubic-image relationships. Certain tensions among these elements may be attributable to technical aspects of the production process. (JRD)

Dosanjh, Kate. 'Rest in Peace: Launcelotπs Spiritual Journey in Le Morte Darthur. 'Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 63-67.

Abstract: When read in relation to Launcelotπs encounter with the Grail, Launcelotπs death can be interpreted as a triumphant assurance of heavenly peace, despite the tone of loss that marks the scene. (KD)

Douglass, Rebecca M. 'Missed Masses: Absence and the Function of the Liturgical Year in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. ' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 20-27.

Abstract: The movement of Sir Gawain is structured around two simultaneous temporal schemes: what we might call 'natural time '--the progress of the seasons--and the liturgical calendar, the ecclesiastical 'seasons. ' The poem seems to call equal attention to both from its beginning, thereby establishing a tension between the ideological structures they seem to represent: the world of Christianity and the world of faerie. The poem is deeply uneasy with the role of the church in society, and this discomfort is reflected in the failures and flaws of the Christian structure, both of the calendar itself and of the rituals observed by Gawain. (RMD)

Dover, Carol R. Rev. of Aucassin et Nicolete: The poetry of Gender and Growing Up in the French Middle Ages. By Roger Pensom. Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 123-25.

-------. 'Introduction.' Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 4-6.

Downes, Jeremy M. Rev. of The Epic Hero By Dean A. Miller. Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 85-86. 

Draper, Simon. Rev. of Gildas’s De Excidio Britonum and the Early British Church. Studies in Celtic History 26.By. Karen George. Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010).

Drukker, Tamar. 'Vision and History: Prophecy in the Middle English Prose BrutChronicle ' Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 25-49.

Abstract: The Middle English prose Brut follows the biblical tradition of incorporating prophecy in its historical narrative. Merlin 's prophecy forms an important part of the chronicle though it is set apart from the rest of the work. (TD)

DuttonMarsha L.. 'The Staff in the Stone: Finding Arthur’s Sword in the Vita Sancti Edwardi of Aelred of Rievaulx ' Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 3-28.

Abstract: The source for the story of Arthur’s drawing the sword that would make him king seems likely to be a miracle involving Bishop Wulfstan of Worcester, his episcopal staff, and a saintly king’s tomb, found in Aelred of Rievaulx’s Vita Sancti Edwardi, Regis et Confessoris. (MLD)

Echard, Siân. Rev. of Approaches to Teaching the Arthurian Tradition. Ed. Maureen Fries and Jeanie Watson. Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 80-83.

-------. Rev. of Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages. By David Rollo. and Magic in Medieval Romance from Chretien de Troyes to Geoffrey Chaucer. By Michelle Sweeney. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 138-139.

-------. Rev. of The Arthur of the English. By W.R.J. Barron, ed. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 112-113.

-------. 'Seldom does anyone listen to a good exemplum: Courts and Kings in Torec and Die Riddere metter Mouwen.' Arthuriana 17.1 (Spring 2007): 79-94.

Abstract: This essay examines the use of outsider characters in the Middle Dutch romances of Torec and the Riddere metter Mouwen. It draws on the deployment of similar characters in two Latin romances, the Historia Meriadoci and De Ortu Waluuanii, to show a shared interest, across the Dutch and Latin texts, in courtliness and right rule. (SE)

-------. Rev. of Geoffrey of Monmouth: The History of the Kings of Britain. An Edition and Translation of the ‘De gestis Britonum’ [Historia Regum Britanniae]. By Michael D. Reeve. Trans. by Neil Wright. Arthuriana 20.3 ( Fall 2010): 129.

Edain. [Poem] 'Nimue: Song For Myrddyn. ' QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 69-70.

Edsall, Mary Agnes. Rev. of After Augustine: The Meditative Reader and the Text by Brian Stock. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

Eliason, Eric. Rev. of Alliterative Revivals by Christine Chism. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 98.

Elliott, Andrew B. R. Rev. of Shakespeare and the Middle Ages: Essays on the
Performance and Adaptation of the Plays with Medieval Sources or Settings
. By Martha W. Driver and Sid Ray. Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 103.

Epp, Garrett. Rev. of Chaucer and Costume: The Secular Pilgrims in the General Prologue by Laura F. Hodges. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001).

Erler, Mary C. Rev. of Reading Families: Women 's Literate Practice in Late Medieval
 By Rebecca Krug. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 107-109.

Everhart, Deborah. 'The Round Table. ' Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 70-75.

-------. 'The Round Table. ' Arthuriana 4.2 (Summer 1994): 196-99.

-------. '"Arthurnet" Digest. ' Arthuriana 4.4 (Winter 1994): 387-91.

-------. Rev. of The Romance of Arthur: An Anthology of Medieval Texts in Translation.Ed. by James J. Wilhelm. Arthuriana 5.1 (Autumn 1995): 94-95.

-------. "Learner-Centered Arthurian Course Design." Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 24-30.

Abstract: Students who take Arthurian courses are generally self-selected and highly motivated. By channeling this energy into learner-centered outcomes, we provide opportunities for students to understand Arthurian materials deeply while developing valuable lifelong learning skills. (DE)

Faletra, Michael. Rev. of New Directions in Arthurian Studies. Ed. Alan Lupack;Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 124-125.

-------. Rev. of Inventing Medieval Landscapes: Senses of Place in Western Europe. John Howe and Michael Wolfe, eds. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 101-102.

Falsani, Teresa Boyle. 'Parke Godwin 's Guenevere: An Archetypal Transformation. ' QetF3.3 (Fall 1993): 55-65.

Abstract: In many contemporary retellings of the Arthurian legends, the character of Guenevere seems to be breaking out of her narrow archetypal role. An archetypal analysis of Parke Godwin 's Guenevere, as depicted in his 1984 novel, Beloved Exile, reinforces a general tendency by modern writers such as Mary Stewart, Thomas Berger, Rosemary Sutcliff, and Persia Woolley to portray Guenevere as far more complex and sympathetic than her sketchily depicted and often unidimensional medieval counterpart. (TBF)

Fanger, Claire. Rev. of Medieval Mythography V olume II: From the School of Chartres to 
the Court at Avignon, 1177-1350
. By Jane Chance. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 122-123.

Farrell, Eleanor M. Rev. of Arthur, High King of Britain. By Michael Morpurgo; Black Horses for the King. By Anne McCaffrey; and Passager. By Jane Yolen. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 163-64.

Farrell, Thomas J. 'Life and Art, Chivalry and Geometry in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. ' AInt 2.2 (Spring 1988): 17-33.

Abstract: In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, even Gawain cannot make the pentangle mean what it is supposed to mean: that is why its symbolism is necessarily problematic. The poet 's decision to disrupt the poetically perfect alliteration in his description of the hero acts as a bridge between the ideal expressed by the geometric figure on Gawain 's shield and the moral imperfection of his actions. Gawain 's failure is a failure of knighthood itself. Yet, Arthurian society is reunited by a device which can signify a higher level of knighthood than it possessed at the beginning of the poem. (TJF)

-------. "The Clash of Genres at the Siege of Benwick." Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 88-93.

Abstract: In åThe Siege of Benwick,π Maloryπs generic shift from romance to epic validates Gawainπs determination to fight to the death rather than Launcelotπs consistent deferral of their conflict. (TJF)

Farrier, Susan E. 'Erex saga and the Reshaping of ChrÈtien 's Erec et Enide. ' AInt 4.2 (Spring 1990): 1-11.

Abstract: The medieval writer who put ChrÈtien 's Erec et Enide into Old Norse faced a problem not shared by many other contemporary translators. Arthurian material came to Iceland at a time when the indigenous saga tradition was flourishing, and those Icelandic literary works differed markedly in both subject matter and style from their European counterparts. Therefore the writer of Erex saga had to perform a kind of cultural translation, making the story comprehensible to an audience both unfamiliar with the fairly common European conception of courtly love--or to use a less disputed term,fin amors--and unaccustomed to the intrusive narrator found in many medieval romances. (SEF)

Fehrenbacher, Richard. 'The Domestication of Merlin in Malory 's Morte Darthur. ' QetF3.4 (Winter 1993): 1-16.

Abstract: In the Tale of King Arthur, Malory attempts to legitimize Arthur 's reign by rewriting his enigmatic source, the Old French prose Merlin, just as the houses of York and Lancaster attempted to rewrite the compromised texts of English dynastic and legendary history in order to legitimize theirs. Thus both projects are palimpsests--histories written over previous histories. And these projects, also like palimpsests, oftentimes do not quite manage to erase the underlying texts--texts whose earlier, infuriatingly contradictory accounts manage to bleed through in most unsettling ways, causing both projects ultimately to fail. The regnal genealogies constructed by the warring houses of late medieval England and the legendary history rewritten by Thomas Malory both fail to furnish the legitimizing power they are called upon to provide, and thus Rev.eal a deep cultural anxiety concerning not just the genealogical projects of the English royal house, but the use of history as a legitimating device. (RF)

Feinstein, Sandy. 'Losing Your Head in Chretien 's Knight of the Cart. ' Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 45-62.

Abstract. In Chretien 's Lancelot,beheading serves as a complex sexual, political, and religious image representing power, particularly the power of speech. (SF)

Fenster, Thelma. Rev. of Arthurian Literature by Women. EdAlan Lupack and Barbara Tepa Lupack. Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 115-16.

Ferlampin-Archer. Rev. of Perceforest, première partie. Edition critique. By Gilles Roussineau. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 109.

Field, P.J.C. 'Caxton 's Roman War. ' Arthuriana 5.2 (Summer 1995): 31-73.

Abstract: Malory 's Morte Darthur is the most famous of all Arthurian books, but very different views of it have been implied in recent disputes about the relationship between its two oldest surviving texts. This essay argues that the two texts derive independently from a lost archetype, and that an understanding of the process of derivation makes it possible to come closer than ever before to what Malory himself wrote. (PJCF)

-------. Rev. of Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500. By Anthony Emery. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 154-55.

-------. Rev. of Malory 's Book of Arms: The Narrative of Combat in Le Morte DarthurBy Andrew Lynch. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 93-95.

-------. Rev. of Prose Merlin. By John Conlee. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 121-22.

-------. 'Malory and His Scribes. ' Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 31-42.

Abstract: The most authoritative edition of the Morte Darthur suggests that the scribes of the unique manuscript were faithful copyists who sometimes made mechanical errors. The essay argues (with examples) that they also made conscious changes to their copy. (PJCF)

-------. 'Malory and Cardiff.' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 45-48.

Abstract: When Maloryπs life and his book are considered together, it appears that he probably visited Cardiff and thought of it as an unexpectedly Arthurian locality. (PJCF)

-------. 'Arthur's Battles.' Arthuriana 18.4 (Winter 2008): 3-32.

Abstract: A handful of early documents bearing on the question of Arthur's existence look like serious efforts to preserve historical information. If read properly, they can, among other things, answer the question of whether or not Arthur really existed. (PJCF)

-------. Rev. of King Arthur: History and Legend. By John and Caitlín Matthews. London: Folio Society, 2008. xxiv, 296 pp.

Field, Rosalind. Rev. of Anglicising Romance: Tail-Rhyme and Genre in Medieval English Literature. By. Rhiannon Purdie.  Arthuriana 21.2 (Summer 2011).

Findon, Joanne. Rev. of From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the Late Gothic Period and Its European Context. Ed. Colum Hourihane. Arthuriana13.3 (Fall 2003): 117-118.

Finke, Laurie A., and Martin B. Shichtman. 'No Pain, No Gain: Violence as Symbolic Capital in Malory 's Morte d' Arthur. ' Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 115-33.

Abstract: Romances like Malory 's Morte d' Arthur endorse a sexual economy of structured violent exchanges in which masculinity is built around the continual circulation of women and wealth as rewards for sanctioned violence. (LAF & MBS)

------. Who's Your Daddy?: New Age Grails Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 25-33

Abstract: In Raising a Modern-Day Knight: A Father’s Role in Guiding His Son to Authentic Manhood, Robert Lewis, Pastor-at-Large for the Fellowship Bible Church in Little Rock, Arkansas, incorporates a new age mythopoetic analysis of castrated masculinity doused with buckets of non-denominational Christianity to argue that, by following the child-rearing examples of medieval knights, twenty-first century fathers can prepare their sons for clear, inspiring, biblically grounded lives. This article interrogates the absences around which such medieval fantasies of knighthood cohere. (LF and MBS)

Finke, Laurie. Rev. of Medieval Studies. A Special Issue of New Literary History. Ed. D. Vance Smith and Michael Uebel. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 102-103.

-------. Rev. of Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy.By Geraldine Heng. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 71-73.

-------. Rev. of Reading Medieval Culture: Essays in Honor of Robert W. Hanning. eds. Robert M. Stein and Sandra Pierson Prior. Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 83-84.

-------. Rev. of Postcolonial Approaches to the European Middle Ages: Translating Cultures. Ed. Ananya Jahanara Kabir and Deanne Williams. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 105-107.

-------. Rev. of Mass Market Medieval: Essays on the Middle Ages in Popular Culture. By David W. Marshall, ed. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 105-106.

-------. Rev. of Reality Fictions: Romance, Hisotyr, and Governmental Authority, 1025-1180. By Robert M. Stein. Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 90.

Fitzhenry, William . 'Comedies of Contingency: Language and Gender in the Book of Sir Tristram. ' Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 5-16.

Abstract: Verbal interactions between female and male characters in Malory’s Book of Sir Tristram suggest that language and gender converge to challenge chivalric ideals of self-sufficiency. (WF)

Fleissner, Robert F. 'Sir John Falstaff Atilt with Sir Gawayne: A Mock-Arthurian reversal. 'AInt 1.1 (Fall 1986): 35-38.

Abstract: Sir Gawayne and The Merry Wives of Windsor, sharing a legacy of English comic works, bear comparison typologically. Sir John and the Green Knight Bercilak rank together as fertility figures. Both tales are remarkable to correlate in terms of the major theme of subterfuge. Implications of cuckoldry appear in the two adventures. In each enterprise the latent cuckold achieves his vengeance on the knight in a light-hearted way. Sir Gawayne is barely nicked; Sir John is simply cudgeled, dumped in the Thames, and finally scorched a bit by tapers. Both can be interpreted mythically as initiation rites. Both have been strongly associated with the Order of the Garter: Sir Gawayne ends with a quotation from the motto of the Order; in turn, The Merry Wives of Windsor is usually considered to have been first produced for a Garter investiture, Sir John 's initiations duly parodying those of the Order. Yet the differences must also be considered. Whereas Sir Gawayne stresses the mainstream of courtly love, the Windsor comedy is, among other things, a burlesque of such conventionality. Both works seem to owe their common moral elements to the English tradition of the morality play. (MLD)

Fleteren, Frederic. Rev. of Basic Issues in Medieval Philosophy Eds. Richard N. Bosley and Martin M. Tweedale. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 108-110.

Flannery, Mary. Rev. of Naming and Namelessness in Medieval Romance. By Jane Bliss. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2008. Pp. xii 253.

Forhan, Kate L. Rev. of Beasts of Love: Richard de Fournival’s Bestiaire d’amour and a Woman’s Response by Jeanette Beer. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 64-65.

Forsman, Deanna. Rev. of Medieval Concepts of the Past: Ritual, Memory, Historiography. Eds. Gerd Althoff, Johannes Fried, and Patrick J. Geary. Arthuriana13.3 (Fall 2003): 111-112.

Foster, Michael. Rev. of Expectations of Romance: The Reception of Genre in Medieval England. By Melissa Furrow. Arthuriana 21.2 (Summer 2011).

Fowler, David C. 'The Quest of Balin and the Mark of Cain. ' AInt 15.2 (Spring 1984): 70-74.

Abstract: If the quest of the sorrowing knight undertaken by Balin is indeed the quest of Cain, then the higher meaning of this doomed undertaking becomes more recognizable, and the purpose of the ecclesiastical writer much clearer. Balin chooses the path of the murderer, leading to blood feud, revenge, and death, the exact opposite of the path chosen by Galahad. (DCF)

---------. Rev. of The Unholy Grail. By Brigitte Cazelles. Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 138-40.

Fox-Friedman, Jeanne. 'Howard Pyle and the Chivalric Order in America: King Arthur for Children. ' Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 77-95.

Abstract: Howard Pyle 's Arthuriad is peculiarly American in character. Pyle was drawn to the Middle Ages because he wished to recuperate its primitive simplicity as a model for an intense and authentic experience of life. (JFF)

---------. Rev. of Bloody Good: Chivalry, Sacrifice, and the Great War. By Alan J. Frantzen. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 86-87.

Fraioli, Deborah. Rev. of The Interrogation of Joan of Arc. By Karen Sullivan.Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 122-24.

Francis, Christina. 'Playing with Gender in Arthur, King of Time and Space. ' Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 31-47.

Abstract: By developing characters with unstable and changeable sex identification, Paul Gadzikowski creates an Arthurian world with fluid gender boundaries in his webcomic Arthur, King of Time and Space. The effect of this fluidity is a cast of Arthurian characters that continuously confronts sex and gender stereotypes, inviting audiences to reconsider their own assumptions about sex and gender. (CF)

Frank, Roberta. Rev. of Norse Romances. Ed. Marianne E. Kalinke. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 78-80.

Franson, Craig. Rev. of The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún. By J. R. R. tolkien. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008. Pp. 377.

Fredell, Joel. Rev. of Textual Situations: Three Medieval Manuscripts and Their Readers
 By Andrew Taylor. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 109-111.

Freedman, Paul. Rev. of City and Spectacle in Medieval Europe. Ed. Barbara A. Hanawalt and Katheryn L. Reyerson. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 86-88.

Frese, Dolores Warwick. 'Augustinian Intrusions in the Queste del Saint Graal: Converting 'Pagan Gold' to Christian Currency' Arthuriana 18.1 (Spring 2008): 3-21.

Abstract: Galahad's literary debut in the Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal displays ley-lines extrapolated from Augustine's biography, theology, semiotic theory, and polemical controversies, suggesting that this retro-fitted prose fiction can be read productively as a specifically Augustinian confection. (DWF)

Fries, Maureen. Rev. of The Passing of Arthur: New Essays in Arthurian Tradition. Ed. Christopher Baswell and William Sharpe. AInt 3.2 (Spring 1989): 141-46.

-------. 'What Tennyson Really Did to Malory 's Women.' QetF 1.1 (Spring 1991): 44-55.

Abstract: Tennyson 's use of Malory 's Morte Darthur in his Idylls of the King has heretofore earned little but unhelpful and dismissive notice, although the contrast between the medieval and the Victorian author 's treatment of Arthurian females is both interesting and instructive. Utilizing a schema to analyze feminine roles as heroic and counter-heroic as well as heroinic reveals how Tennyson 's masculinist bias bowdlerizes Malory 's tragedy by focusing it almost entirely on female guilt. All of the women of the Idylls are one-sided rather than complex; female heroes, such as Lyonet, cease to exist; female counter-heroes, such as Vivien, exhibit a pronounced weakening of power; and female heroines are either ineffective, like Elaine and Enid, or overguilty, like Guinevere, bearing a brunt of agency their perceived instrumentality does not warrant. Whatever his worth to the (male) Victorian ethos, Tennyson must be seen as working contrary to, and contradictory of, feminine (to say nothing of feminist) values. (MF)

-------. Rev. of Letters to Lalage: The Letters of Charles Williams to Lois Lang-Sims. By Glen Cavaliero. QetF 1.2 (Summer 1991): 92-95.

-------. 'The Impotent Potion: On the Minimization of the Love Theme in the Tristan en Proseand Malory 's Morte Darthur. ' QetF 1.3 (Fall 1991): 75-81.

Abstract: The power of the Arthurian material to draw to itself discrete fictions and adapt them to its ethos has never been satisfactorily explained, but it is a fact of literary history. The originally independent career of Lancelot is a prime example of the same phenomenon. Modern authors, notably Thomas Berger in his novel Arthur Rex, have been able to use the old magical motif with much of its original meaning: there Tristan and Isolde 's enslavement to the potion serves as explicit contrast to the self-willed illicit relationships of others. But for the author(s) of the Tristan en Prose and Malory, the pull of late medieval practice--including analogy in general, and entrelacement in particular--mandated the relegation of the love potion to its now impotent function. (MF)

-------. 'From the Lady to the Tramp: The Decline of Morgan le Fay in Medieval Romance.' Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 1-18.

Abstract: Morgan le Fay 's career in medieval Arthurian romance moves from a connector of life with healing in the Vita Merlini into a connector of death with illicit sex and wrongful imprisonment in most subsequent works, and produces a more male-friendly variant in the Lady (Ladies) of the Lake--climaxing for both figures in Malory 'sMorte Darthur--revealing male Arthurian authors as increasingly unable to image powerful women in positive terms. (MF)

-------. Rev. of Arthurian Literature XIII. Ed. James P. Carley and Felicity Riddy.Arthuriana 5.1 (Autumn 1995): 102-105.

----------. Rev. of The Return of King Arthur: The Legend through Victorian Eyes. By Debra N. Mancoff. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 156-58.

----------. Rev. of Literary Nominalism and the Theory of Rereading Late Medieval Texts: A New Research Paradigm. Ed. Richard J. Utz. Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 147-48.

---------. 'Gender and the Grail. ' Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 67-79.

Abstract: Earlier images of Arthurian women emerge in new configurations in Malory 's version of the Grail Quest. Perceval 's sister, a guide and helper to the knights, ends in a self-chosen, bloody sacrifice. Guinevere contributes to the failure of the homosocial ideal. (MF)

-------. 'Women, Power, and (the Undermining of) Order in Lawman 's Brut.' Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 23-32.

Abstract: Lawman 's additions and alterations to the sources of his Brut suggest that he intended to show the dangers of women 's escaping their gender limitations. (MF)

-------. 'The Arthurian Moment: History and Geoffrey 's Historia regum Britannie. ' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 88-99.

Abstract: Geoffrey 's need to find a suitable noble ancestor for his Norman patrons led to his blending of native history and legend with an imported fabulized past to create the figure of Arthur. (MF)

-------. Rev. of Lancelot-Grail: the Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation, vol III. Ed. Norris J. Lacy. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 86-91.

-------. Rev. of A Companion to Malory. Ed. Elizabeth Archibald and A.S.G. Edwards.Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 95-97.

Frye, Susan C. Rev. Shakespeare and the Middle Ages: Essays on the
Performance and Adaptation of the Plays with Medieval Sources or Settings
. By Martha W. Driver and Sid Ray. Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 104-05.

Fulton, Helen. 'A Woman 's Place: Guinevere in the Welsh and French Romances.' QetF 3.2 (Summer 1993): 1-25.

Abstract: In the long history of the Arthurian legends, from the early medieval Welsh folktales to the nineteenth and twentieth-century revivals, the character of Guinevere is known most familiarly as the faithless queen of King Arthur. The role of the faithless queen is a medieval stereotype, striking at the basis of patriarchal power which includes the control of women and their sexual and reproductive capabilities. In the earliest Arthurian legends, however, the character of Guinevere appears as Arthur 's chaste and loyal wife. (HF)

Fuog, Karin E.C. 'Imprisoned in the Phallic Oak: Marion Zimmer Bradley and Merlin 's Seductress. ' QetF 1.1 (Spring 1991): 73-88.

Abstract: Marion Zimmer Bradley intended a feminist agenda, and to a large extent she succeeds in it. Yet at its deepest level, The Mists of Avalon is subsumed by the patriarchal society in which Bradley lives. In pursuing the goal of granting women recognizable power, Bradley only manages to establish a different phallocentric power structure and leaves intact a divisive conception of power. Nimue breaks the patriarchal, phallocentric moulds, but must die to do so. Phallocentric, patriarchal power structures are not only the only power structures the audience will recognize as viable, they are also the only models available to Bradley. Like Merlin, feminist texts are imprisoned in an oak, an oak of phallic and patriarchal structures. Yet the character of Nimue allows some hope that these texts may someday break free, and may learn to do so without having to die. (KECF)

Furnish, Shearle. Rev. of Tradition and Belief: Religious Writing in Late Anglo-Saxon England. Clare A. Lees. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 142-143.

Furtado, Antonio L. 'Geoffrey of Monmouth: A Source of the Grail Stories. ' QetF1.1 (Spring 1991): 1-14.

Abstract: An early work which can be called the 'proto Peredur ' can be identified as the source of the Elidurus episode found in Geoffrey of Monmouth 's twelfth-centuryHistoria regum Britanniae, which predates ChrÈtien 's Perceval. Ultimately, the Elidurus episode in Geoffrey constitutes the basic narrative which later inspired a broad spectrum of symbolic meaning and archetypal themes: the legend of the Holy Grail. (ALF)

------. 'The Arabian Nights: Yet Another Source of the Grail Stories? ' QetF 1.3 (Fall 1991): 25-40.

Abstract: Studies involving The Arabian Nights must cope with serious difficulties. Until now, scholarly consideration of the surviving manuscripts has not resulted in a standard text of general acceptance. Proper names vary widely and their spelling is affected by the language of the translation. There is not even an agreement on which stories can be ascribed to the collection, and in a few cases the same story is told differently in separate editions. Along the years, not only were new stories added but it is likely that some of the ancient stories were changed. Thus we do not know with certainty what the text extant, at the time when ChrÈtien 's Perceval was written, looked like. Moreover, unless documents to the effect are found, we cannot consider as formally proven that ChrÈtien ever read (or heard) these stories. On the other hand, the striking similarities of the two works cannot easily be dismissed. ChrÈtien may have taken and recast materials from The Arabian Nights, just as the unknown authors had earlier felt free to incorporate Homer 's episode of Polyphemus in the third voyage ofSindbad the Sailor. Literary creation does not recognize geographical frontiers. (ALF)

-------. Rev. of The Romances of Alexander. Trans. Dennis M. Kratz. QetF 1.4 (Winter 
1991): 84-88.

------. ''Arthur Had an Affair with an Amazon'--Says Senator Carucius.' QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 31-36.

Abstract: As a civilized man who despised the 'Barbarians,' Alexander had a surprising faith in augurs, soothsayers, and other charlatans. He also believed in the value of dreams. He dreamed of a dragon. In short sequence occur, ending with this dream, several incidents which may be said to have Arthurian overtones. If indeed Arthur comes from Alexander and everything else corresponds, then it is a mathematical truth that the island of Avalon must correspond to the island where the Amazons were reported to live. Another source that Geoffrey has probably exploited is Arrian, who says that Alexander had promised to go one day to the island of the Amazons, to engender a child in their queen. This encourages a belief that the island may be related to the isle of Avalon. (ALF)

------. 'A Source in Babylon. ' QetF 3.1 (Spring 1993): 38-59.

Abstract: ChrÈtien 's death left no way to tell whether a happy outcome would ensue for his Perceval. But agreeing with the Christian belief that sins are forgiven to repentant men, we see the young Perceval coming to rescue the aging King, stumbling once, but ready to try again. If Perceval had dared to ask 'who is served from the grail? ' a second implicit question would have to be answered as: 'why we--the Rich Fisher King and myself--are not also served? ' In the Fisherman and the Jinni, a second opportunity seems to be allowed as in the Perceval story. (ALF)

------. 'From Alexander of Macedonia to Arthur of Britain.' Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 70-86.

Abstract: As Geoffrey of Monmouth prepared to write the chapter on king Arthur which would culminate his Historia Regum Britanniae, he faced a disheartening difficulty: there was almost nothing in the authentically Celtic sources about Arthur. His basic structural and episodic models may have been supplied by historical and legendary biographies of Alexander of Macedonia, written in the first three centuries of the Christian era. This essay is a brief account of how Geoffrey, emulating Plutarch, extended the famous pair of world conquerors--Alexander and Caesar--to compose a triad with the imperishable king of the Britons. (ALF)

------, and Paulo A.S. Veloso 'Folklore and Myth in The Knight of the Cart. ' Arthuriana6.2 (Summer 1996): 28-43.

AbstractThe Knight of the Cart is far from being a straightforward knightly adventure. In this essay, we propose to uncover its underlying folktale structure, which in turn leads to a comparison with a tale in the same generic class, having an analogous subject matter (matiere) but opposite orientation (san) - the Indian epic Ramayana . (ALF/PASV)

-------. Rev. of Paganism in Arthurian Romance. By John Darrah. Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 133-135.

Abstracts Listed by author: A-F | G-J | K-O | P-W