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Arthurian Interpretations 15.2-16.1, 1.1-4.2;

Quondam et Futurus: A Journal of Arthurian Interpretations 1.1-3.4

Arthuriana 4.1-present



Palmer, Barton. Rev. of Pseudo-Autobiography in the Fourteenth Century: Juan Ruiz, Guillaume de Machaut, Jean Froissart, and Geoffery Chaucer. By Laurence de Looze. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 71-74.

Parins, Marylyn J. 'Two Early "Expurgations" of Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 60-77.

Abstract: Two editions of Malory's Morte Darthur (1634 and 1816) are prefaced by statements that the work has been expurgated, but expurgation in 1816 is inconsistent and in 1634 nonexistent. Exploration of the dichotomies between preface and text throws light on considerations governing publication and on the perception/reception of Malory's work under these conditions. (MJP)

Parry, Joseph D. 'Narrators, Messengers, and Lawman's Brut.' Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 46-61.

Abstract: As Lawman uses the messenger motif in his Brut both to facilitate and to interpret the role that knowledge and power play in British history, the poet also imagines his own role as history's authorized messenger. Messengers model and endorse Lawman's gestures at writing himself a place next to the people of British history and, perhaps more importantly, to the places in which that history occurred. (JDP)

Parsons, John Carmi. Rev. of City, Marriage, Tournament: Arts of Rule in Late Medieval England. By Louise Olga Fradenburg. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 151-52.

-------. Rev. of To the Glory of Her Sex: Women's Roles in the Compositions of Medieval Texts. By Joan Ferrante. Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 153-55.

-------.Rev. of William Caxton and English literary Culture. By N. F. Blake. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 118-19.

Patterson, Steven J. Rev. of Chaucer to Spenser, An Anthology. Ed. Derek Pearsall. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 157-59.

Patton, Pamela A. Rev. of Views of Transition: Liturgy and Illumination in Medieval Spain. By Rose Walker. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 62-63.

Paxon, Diana L. 'Marion Zimmer Bradley and The Mists of Avalon.' Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 110-26.

Abstract: This essay looks at the biographical roots of Marion Zimmer Bradley's romantic mysticism and female spirituality in the Mists of Avalon. (DLP)

Pearsall, Derek. 'Teaching "The Story of Arthur."' [The Round Table: Teaching King Arthur at Harvard.] Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 127-30.

-------. Rev. of Four Middle English Romances: Sir Isumbras, Octavian, Sir Eglamour, Sir Tryamour. Ed. Harriet Hudson. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 110-111.

-------. Rev. of Amis and Amiloun, Robert of Cisyle, and Sir Amadace. Ed. Edward E. Foster. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 110-111.

Perry, Lucy. 'Origins and Originality: Reading Lawman's Brut and the Rejection of British Library MS Cotton Otho C.xiii.' Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 66-84.

Abstract: The privileging of the text of British Library MS Cotton Caligula A.ix over that of BL MS Cotton Otho C.xiii led to the rejection of the latter version and determined ideas about the text and its manuscripts for many decades. Scholarly enquiry into Lawman's Brut should embrace Cotton Otho as a text read before the invention of modern medieval studies that should be read again. (LP)

-------. 'Masculine Excess, Feminine Restraint, and Fatherly Guidance in the Middle Dutch Walewein ende Keye.' Arthuriana 17.1 (Spring 2007): 42-54.

Abstract: This paper examines the excesses in the characterization of Keye in Walewein ende Keye and explores how Walewein’s role is developed in contrast. It asks whether it is sufficient to read Keye as a foil for Walewein and Walewein as a paragon of virtue. Closer examination of male and female relationships in the narrative identifies that masculine and feminine roles are controlled by the construction of Walewein as a paternal figure rather than a lover. (LP)

Peyton III, Henry H. 'Brangäne: Isolde's Alter Ego.' Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 93-107.

Abstract: In Tristan und Isolde, Richard Wagner conceives Brangäne as the courtly embodiment of rationality who illuminates the innermost psyche of the passionate Isolde as the two become segments of an ideal whole. (HHP III)

-------. Rev. of Parsifal. By Richard Wagner. Metropolitan Opera Premier Production. QetF 1.2 (Summer 1991): 95-96.

-------. Rev. of Culture and the King: The Social Implications of the Arthurian Legend. Eds. Martin B. Schichtman and James P. Carley. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 103-105.

-------. Rev. of Poetry and Music in Medieval France: From Jean Renart to Guillaume de Machaut. By Ardis Butterfield. Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 96-97.

Pickens, Rupert T. 'Arthur's Channel Crossing: Courtesy and the Demonic in Geoffrey of Monmouth and Wace's Brut.' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 3-19.

Abstract: Comparison of a key passage in Geoffrey and in Wace's translation shows how Wace broadens the concept of corteisie and anticipates the conjoining of courtesy and adventure in Arthurian romance. (RTP)

Pigg, Daniel F. 'Language as Weapon: The Poetics of Plot in Malory's "Tale of Sir Gareth."' QetF 2.1 (Spring 1992): 16-27.

Abstract: No longer viewed as a copyist of French Arthurian materials, Malory is now seen as making a unique contribution to the tradition, not just in tightening plot structures and restructuring characters, but also in his conception of the role of language in social contracts and organization. Malory is indeed a product of his age, and his plots reflect an implicit view of language which complements linguistic theory. (DFP)

Pinti, Daniel. Rev. of Individuality and Achievement in Middle English Poetry. By O. S. Pickering. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 117-18.

Pinzino, Jane Marie. Rev. of Joan of Arc and Sacrificial Authorship. By Ann W. Astell. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 83-84.

Plummer, John F. 'Frenzy and Females: Subject Formation in Opposition to The Other in the Prose Lancelot.' Arthuriana 6.4 (Winter 1996): 45-51.

Abstract: The multiple periods of madness suffered by Lancelot in the presence of liminal, sexually charged women suggests anxiety about a whole, stable, chivalric male subject. (JFP)

Pollack, Sean. 'Border States: Parody, Sovereignty, and Hybrid Identity in The Carl of Carlisle.' Arthuriana 19.2 (Summer 2009): 10-26.

Abstract: The Carl of Carlisle presents complex problems of identity and sovereignty embedded in its parodic form. The romance can be seen as a border text and as such it explores hybrid national, social, and literary forms. (SP)

Price, David H. Christian Humanism and the Representation of Judaism: Johannes Reuchlin and the Discovery of Hebrew Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 80-96

Abstract: Over the course of his career, Johannes Reuchlin, the founder of Christian Hebrew studies, portrayed Jews, Judaism, and the potential contributions of Jewish theology and scholarship to Christianity in increasingly empathetic ways. His representation evolved from being rooted in the goal of appropriating Jewish Kabbalah and even Christianizing the Hebrew language to a willingness to acknowledge godliness and piety, in addition to biblical learning, in the medieval Jewish tradition. (DHP)

Psaki, Regina F. 'Introduction to Special Issue on Le Roman de Silence'Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 3-6.

----------. 'The Modern Editor and Medieval 'Misogyny': Text Editing and Le Roman de Silence'. Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 78-86.

Abstract: Various modern editing practices can promote a perception of a misogynist Middle Ages well beyond what the original artifacts might support. (FRP)

----------. 'Introduction to Arthuriana vol. 12.1'. Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 3-5.

----------. Rev. of The Chivalric Epic in Medieval Italy by Juliann Vitullo. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 111-112.

Pugh, Tison. Rev. of Medieval Identity Machines. By Jeffrey Jerome Cohen. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 88-89.

----------. 'Marginal Males, Disciplined Daughters, and Guinevere’s Adultery in A Kid in King Arthur’s Court.' Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 69-84.

Abstract: Although A Kid in King Arthur’s Court may initially offer an exciting space of female agency within the typically masculinist confines of the Arthurian tradition, the agency of its heroines is drastically undermined as the male protagonists assert their patriarchal authority. (TP)

----------. Rev. of Hollywood Knights: Arthurian Cinema and the Politics of Nostalgia. By Susan Aronstein. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 97-98.

----------. Perverse Pastoralism and Medieval Melancholia in Powell and Pressburger’s A Canterbury Tale. Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 97-113

Abstract: A Canterbury Tale, a 1944 ‘why we fight’ film, mixes a pastoral celebration of England’s history with a perverse plot concerning the peculiar Glue Man. The protagonists solve this mystery during their Canterbury pilgrimage and, in so doing, realize that England’s glories depend upon accepting, not defeating, perversion. (TP)

Pulsiano, Phillip. Rev. of The Life Of Christina Of Markyate: A Twelfth-Century Recluse. Ed. and Trans. C.H. Talbot. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 124-25.

Purdie, Rhiannon. Rev. of Kingship and Love in Scottish Poetry, 1424-1540. By Joanna Martin. Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2008. Pp. 212.

Putter, Ad. Rev. of The Gawain Poems: A Reference Guide, 1978-1993. Robert J. Blanch. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 115-117.

----------. 'Walewein ende Keye and the Strategies of Honor.' Arthuriana 17.1 (Spring 2007): 55-78.

Abstract: This close reading of Walewein ende Keye focuses on its symbolic economy of honor and shame in the light of anthropological work by Pierre Bourdieu and others, arguing that Gawain and Kay exemplify contradictory approaches to the competition for honor. (AP)

Quinn, William A. Rev. of Chaucer from Prentice to Poet: The Metaphor of Love in Dream Visions and Triolus and Crisyede. By Edward I. Condren. Arthuriana 19.4 (Winter 2009). 71.

Radulescu, Raluca. 'John Vale's Book and Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur: A Political Agenda.' Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 69-80.

Abstract: Sir Thomas Malory wrote Le Morte Darthur at a time of a political instability in England. The miscellanies owned by his contemporaries document a similar climate of unrest, a 'war of ideas' that influenced Malory's own presentation of kingship and governance.

----------. 'Malory and Fifteenth-Century Political Ideas'. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 36-51.

Abstract: This study considers the ways Malory responds to discussions of the nature and responsibility of kingship found in fifteenth-century chronicles and questions the validity of setting up Arthur's court as a
political ideal for his time.

Ragland, Ellie. 'Psychoanalysis and Courtly Love.' Arthuriana 5.1 (Spring 1995): 1-20.

Abstract: Jacques Lacan argued that courtly love worked against the repressive effect of language on Jouissance, thereby circumventing a structural non-rapport between the sexes and proving that an ethics of desire can govern social practice if the admission of lack governs the debates and rituals in play. (ER)

Ramey, Lynn. Rev. of The Fall of Kings and Princes: Structure and Destruction in Arthurian Tragedy. By M. Victoria Guerin. Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 95-97.

-------. Rev. of Courtly Love Undressed: Reading Through Clothes in Medieval French Culture. By E. Jane Burns. and The Performance of Self: Ritual, Clothing, and Identity During the Hundred Years War. By Susan Crane. Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 104-107.

-------. Rev. of Postcolonial Fictions in The Roman de Perceforest: Cultural Identities and Hybridities. By Sylvia Huot. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 97-98.

Reel, Edmèe F. "King Arthur Comes to New Orleans". Co-authored by Jerome V. Reel. Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002) 120-139.

Abstract: Arthurian themes have been frequently used by New Orleans Mardi Gras krewes. The themes have dwelt on all aspects of the legends. Sources used have now changed and so too messages have changed (EFR/JUR).

-------. 'Thomas Hardy, Rutland Boughton, and The Queen of Cornwall.' Co-authored by Jerome V. Reel. Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 54-60.

Abstract: Thomas Hardy collaborated with the British composer Rutland Boughton to create the opera The Queen of Cornwall from Hardy’s play. This article traces the creation, premiere, reception, and performance history of the opera. (JVR)

--------. Rev. of Crossing Borders: Love Between Women in Medieval French and Arabic Literatures. By Sahar Amer. Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010).

Reel, Jerome V. "King Arthur Comes to New Orleans". Co-authored by Edmèe F. Reel. Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002) 120-139.

Abstract: Arthurian themes have been frequently used by New Orleans Mardi Gras krewes. The themes have dwelt on all aspects of the legends. Sources used have now changed and so too messages have changed (EFR/JUR).

----------. 'Thomas Hardy, Rutland Boughton, and The Queen of Cornwall.' Co-authored by Edmèe F. Reel. Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 54-60.

Abstract: Thomas Hardy collaborated with the British composer Rutland Boughton to create the opera The Queen of Cornwall from Hardy’s play. This article traces the creation, premiere, reception, and performance history of the opera. (JVR)

Reel, Jerome V. Jr. "In the Wake of the White Swan" Arthuriana 11.2 (Spring 2001): 67-82.

Abstract: Wagner's first Arthurian opera, Lohenrin, a standard work in the repertory, has had great influence in the world's musical culture. Premières around the globe, styles in singing, parodies, and the publication of musical parts for home, state, and religious functions are gauges of its importance to Arthurian studies. (JVR, Jr.)

----------. Rev. of Merlin by Isaac Albéniz. Conducted by José De Eusebio with the Orquest Sinfónia de Madrid. Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001)

Reynolds, Meredith. 'Malory’s Use of ‘Counsel’ and ‘Advyce’ in Creating a King.'Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 40-44.

Abstract: Malory concentrates his use of the words ‘counsel’ and ‘advyce’ around the figure of Arthur in the ‘Merlin’ section of The Tale of King Arthur, thus associating Arthur’s development into a good king with these concepts. (MR)

Reynolds, Patricia. Rev. of English Heritage Tintagel: Arthur and Archaeology. By Charles Thomas. Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 123-24.

Reynolds, Rebecca. 'Elaine of Ascolat’s Death and the Ars Moriendi.' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 35-39.

AbstractLe Morte Darthur’s contemporary audience would have recognized Elaine’s death speech as Malory’s possible censure of her love for Launcelot when read in relation to the Ars Moriendi. (RLR)

Ricciardi, Marc. "'Se what I shall do as for my trew parte': Fellowship and Fortitude in Malory's Noble Tale of King Arthur and the Emperor Lucius." Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 20-31.

Abstract: Arthur, in the Winchester Malory, promotes the Round Table ideal of fellowship, whereas the Caxton Malory portrays a king who is a solitary hero. (MR)

Richards, Jeffrey. Rev. of Robin Hood: A Mythic Biography. By Stephen Knight. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 123-124.

----------. Rev. of Robin Hood Medieval and Post-Medieval. Ed. Helen Phillips. Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 75-76.

----------. Rev. of Radio Camelot: Arthurian Legends on the BBC, 1922-2005. By Roger Simpson Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 88.

Rider, Jeff. 'The Perpetual Enigma of Chrétien's Grail Episode.' Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 6-21.

Abstract: Chrétien de Troyes's Conte du Graal is a successful example of a deliberately enigmatic story. It was intended both to create an impression that it posses an allegorical dimension and, simultaneously, to frustrate all attempts to grasp its allegorical significance. (JR)

Ringel, Faye J. 'Pluto's Kitchen: The Initiation of Sir Gareth.' AInt 1.2 (Spring 1987): 29-38.

Abstract: According to Georges Dumézil’s analysis of Indo-European myth, certain heroes sin against functions of society and are punished, though they may expiate the sins in some way, and their deaths may lead to apotheosis. The 'three sins of the warrior' are, first, priest-murder or sacrilege; second, cowardly behavior; third, adultery, stinginess, or outraging food or its guardians. Gareth, a warrior, repeatedly collides with representatives of society's third function. So Gareth had to serve a year in Hell, to perform a hero's journey to the Underworld and back. In Pluto's kitchen, he gained the wisdom of the Underworld—a patience with the lowly and an understanding of the third function. (FJR)

Roberts, Anna. 'Queer Fisher King: Castration as a Site of Queer Representation (Perceval, Stabat Mater, The City of God). Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 49-88.

Abstract: The concept of 'rhematic site' connects queer figures in medieval romance to representations of queer desire and anxiety in other contexts. Castration constitutes one such site, allowing us to interpret the figure of the Fisher King as queer, in the light of French and German rewritings of Chretien's Perceval, and in the context of the Attis myth in Augustine, Ovid, and Catullus. (AR)

----------. Rev. of From Boys to Men: Formation of Masculinity in Late Medieval Europe. By Ruth Mazzo Karras. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 104-105.

Robertson, Kellie. 'Geoffrey of Monmouth and the Translation of Insular Historiography.' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 42-57.

Abstract: In claiming to translate his Latin history from a Celtic source, Geoffrey attempts to disrupt the received Anglo-Latin historical tradition. The divergent responses of monastic writers and secular rulers to the HRB later in the twelfth-century attest the success of his project. (KR)

Robeson, Lisa. 'Noble Knights and 'Mischievous War': The Rhetoric of War in Malory's Le Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 10-35.

Abstract: This essay argues that for Malory warfare may be socially and politically
destructive but can be honorable and natural as long as it is undertaken
by honorable members of the order of chivalry. (LR)

Roche-Mahdi, Sarah. 'A Reappraisal of the Role of Merlin in the Roman de Silence.' Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 6-21.

Abstract: An intertextual reading of 'Grisandole' and other passages from the Prose Vulgate establishes Merlin as manipulator of the action of the Roman de Silence long before the dénouement. Both the wise old man in Cador's court and the wise old man who helps Silence capture Merlin as Wild Man are the great Trickster himself. Merlin's laughter is anything but liberating.(SR-M)

Rockwell, Paul. 'Remembering Troie: the Implication of Ymages in the Roman de Troie and the Prose Lancelot.' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 20-35.

Abstract: The prose Lancelot's salle aux ymages may be a rewriting of the Roman de Troie's Chambre de Beautés. Through a shift in the representation of ymages, the former seeks to undermine the sense of historical continuity articulated in the latter. (PR)

Rogers, Janine.Rev. of Medievalitas: Reading the Middle Ages. Ed. Piero Boitani and Anna Torti. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998).

Roland, Meg. 'Arthur and the Turks.' Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 29-42.

Abstract: The concluding passage of Le Morte Darthur must be questioned as an authorially requested re-reading of the Arthurian narrative and considered, instead, as evidence of how Caxton, through editing and paratextual framing, sought to historicize Arthur and the Crusades. (MR)

Rollo, David. 'Three Mediators and Three Venerable Books: Geoffrey of Monmouth, Mohammed, Chretien de Troyes.' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 100-114.

Abstract: Both William of Newburgh and Chrétien de Troyes endeavor to inform their contemporaries of the specious nature of the Galfridian past, the first by drawing unflattering analogies between Geoffrey and Mohammed, the second by creatively realigning Arthurian Britain to the service of vernacular fiction. (DR)

Romer, Barbara. [Poem] 'Alarming Laughter.' Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 119-20.

Rose, Christine M. Rev. of Arthurian Women: A Casebook. Ed. Thelma S. Fenster. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 138-40.

-------. Rev. of Rape and Ravishment in the Literature of Medieval England. By Corine Saunders. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 159-161.

-------. Rev. of Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts. Eve Salisbury, Georgina Donavin, and Llewelyn Price, eds. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 94-96.

-------. Rev. of 'A Great Effusion of Blood'? Interpreting Medieval Violence. Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Frank, eds. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 104-107.

Rosemann, Phillip. Rev. of Knowledge and Faith in Thomas Aquinas. By John I. Jenkins. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 91-93.

-------. Rev. of Moderne Mediavistik: Strand und Perspektiven der Mittelalterforschung. By Hans-Werner Goetz. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 110-111.

Rosenberg, Samuel N. 'Merlin in Medieval French Lyric Poetry.' QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 1-18.

Abstract: There are just over a dozen allusions to Merlin in medieval French lyric poetry--not many, but in the context of Arthurian allusions generally, a not insignificant number. The image of Merlin there is especially striking as it could hardly enjoy natural priority in love songs, which, after all, constitute the overwhelming bulk of the lyric corpus. In connection with love, Merlin appears only as the victim of Niniane in a few anti-feminine poems. Otherwise, the Merlin we find is the sage, the learned authority, the great prophet of the medieval world, a figure that tends to serve as a standard of intellectual power or as an instrument of castigation. (SNR)

-------. Rev. of La mort le Roi Artu (The Death of Arthur) from the Old French ‘Lancelot of Yale 229 with Essays, Glossaries, and Notes to the Text. By Elizabeth Moore Willingham. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 104.

Ross, Charles. Introduction (with Ty Buckman): 'An Arthurian Omaggio to Michael Murrin and James Nohrnberg. Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011):3-6.

-------. 'Arthuriana and the Limits of C. S. Lewis’ Ariosto Marginalia. ' Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011):46-65.

Abstract: C.S. Lewis always marked the Arthurian moments in Ariosto’s Orlando furioso. Arthuriana, like Christianity, was a forum for spiritual awakening for Lewis. Its marvels suggest that not everything in this world, including right and wrong, can be explained without recourse to some other realm or state. (CR)

Rossignol, Rosalyn. 'The Holiest Vessel: Maternal Aspects of the Grail.' Arthuriana 5.1 (Spring 1995): 52-61.

Abstract: Psychoanalytic theory provides a framework for examining the maternal body as metaphor in La Queste del Saint Graal. What the knights who have embarked on this quest desire most - nourishment, protection, and perfect union - are all primal experiences arising from the original relationship with the mother. The Queste fulfills those desires by appropriating metaphors of the mother's body, of physical birth and maternal nurture, to characterize the Grail and the Grail service. (RR)

Roussineau, Gilles. 'Tradition Littéraire et Culture Populaire dans L'Histoire de Troilus et de Zellandine (Perceforest, Troisième partie), Version Ancienne du Conte de la Belle au Bois Dormant.' Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 30-45.

Abstract: A summary of the story of Troïlus and Zellandine, old version of the Belle au bois dormant, in the third part of the Roman de Perceforest. An analysis of the tale's folklore traditions, its status in comparison to other medieval versions of the Belle endormie story, its originality in the Perceforest, and its evolution from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. (GR)

Rovang, Paul R. 'Hebraizing Arthurian Romance: The Originality of Melech Artus.' Arthuriana 19.2 (Summer 2009): 3-9.

Abstract: Ascribing its narrative shaping to its Hebrew author rather than a lost source corroborates Melech Artus’s genuine originality and its uniqueness in the Arthurian tradition. (PRR)

Rowe, Elizabeth Ashman. Rev. of Women Readers and the Ideology of Gender in Old French Verse Romance. By Roberta L. Krueger. Arthruiana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 90--92.

Ruggles, D. Fairchild. Rev. of Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and
 By Gavin R.G. Hambly. Arthruiana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 154-155.

Ryder, Mary Ellen and Linda Marie Zaerr.. A Stylistic Analysis of Le Roman de SilenceArthruiana 18.1 (Spring 2008): 22-40.

Abstract: Stylistic analysis can demonstrate how the Roman de Silence incorporates deceleration, acceleration, generic expressions, and deaths in nonrealized space to diminish perception of Silenceís agency. (MER,LMZ)

Salda, Michael N. 'William Faulkner's Arthurian Tale: Mayday.' Arthuriana 4.4 (Winter 1994): 348-75.

Abstract: This essay situates Faulkner's 1926 Arthurian novelette Mayday (first published in 1976) within the contexts of Arthurian literature (especially James Branch Cabell's Jurgen and James Russell Lowell's 'Vision of Sir Launfal') and some of Faulkner's earliest fiction. Salda contends that understanding how the novelette's dream frame functions is crucial to deciphering the adventures of Mayday's protagonist, Sir Galwyn of Arthgyl. Appendices contain codicological data about Faulkner's manuscript and bibliographic information about its publication. (MNS)

-------. Rev. of King Arthur in America. By Alan Lupack and Barbara Tepa Lupack. Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 142-45.

------. Rev. of The Quest for Olwen. Dir. Valeri Ugarov. Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 159-60.

-------. 'The Worst Arthurian Cartoon Ever.' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 54-58.

Abstract: Filmation’s 1972 Daffy Duck & Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies represents the nadir of Arthurian animation. (MNS)

------. Rev. of In Search of the Holy Grail: The Quest for the Middle Age. By Veronica Ortenberg ed. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 109-110.

------. Rev. of Shrek the Third. Chris Miller, dir., Raman Hui, co-dir. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 113-114.

Samples, Susann. 'Guinevere: A Re-Appraisal.' AInt 3.2 (Spring 1989): 106-18.

Abstract: The study of Guinevere in Geoffrey, Chrétien, and Wolfram reveals two distinct and conflicting traditions concerning her adultery. In History Guinevere remains a peripheral figure whose ultimate importance stems from the adverse effect which her adultery has on Arthur's kingdom (its lamentable fall). Conversely, in Erec and Parzival Guinevere is the model wife of Arthur and a symbol of courtliness. Upon closer examination of the two German depictions of Guinevere, her personality conforms to the German male concept of womanhood, which was based on female acquiescence: Guinevere is first and foremost a loving and faithful wife. Thus, the German Guinevere is a much more integrated and exemplary figure at Arthur's court: she is sensitive, affectionate, sensible, trustworthy, and passive. Chrétien's Guinevere has generated much discussion because of her adulterous affair with Lancelot. Nonetheless, of these four depictions, Chrétien's Guinevere is the most intriguing, since momentarily she emerges as a female figure who fulfills her own needs and desires; away from the confining atmosphere of Arthur's court, Guinevere shows herself to be an intelligent, level-headed, and determined female figure. (SS)

------. 'Guinevere: A Germanic Heroine.' QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 9-22.

Abstract: A significant corollary to the decline of the courtly value system is the changed male perception of the female figure. As a heroine, Guinevere presents a graphic image of the plight of women in the anti- courtly environment of Diu Cr(TM)ne. Guinevere's courtliness accentuates the uncourtliness of Arthur and his knights. The tankard and glove testing scenes affirm Guinevere's positive role in Diu Cr(TM)ne, for both times she is ranked third, coming only after Arthur and Gawein in terms of virtue. In her subordinate role as female figure, however, the courtly feminine attributes are shown to be harmful to Guinevere's well-being. Guinevere's passivity and submissiveness prevent her from ever truly speaking out or acting on her own behalf. The position of women--always precarious-- becomes even more precarious when courtliness loses its protective and refining influence concerning the treatment of ladies. Ironically, these bankrupt ideals affirm Guinevere's role as heroine. As a Germanic heroine, Guinevere's being and identity are contingent on her relations with male figures, and thus her crises are gender-related: her suspected unfaithfulness is the focus of much of the dramatic attention. Nonetheless, Guinevere, in true German heroine fashion, remains steadfast to the ideals of female courtliness--however restrictive and self-abnegating they may be. (SS)

-------. Rev. of Gottfried von Strassburg: Tristan. By Mark Chinca. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 70-71.

-------. '‘Problem Women’ in Heinrich von dem Turlin's Diu Crone.' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 23-38.

Abstract: Initially, Amurfina and Giramphiel do not conform to the more traditional role of the courtly lady. Instead, they are independent, powerful, and self-aware, or in other words, 'problem women.' This essay examines their role in Diu Crone and determines whether they can be rehabilitated or must remain alienated from Arthurian society. (STS)

-------. Rev. of Topographies of Gender in Middle High German Arthurian Romances. Alexandra Sterling-Hillenbrand. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 107-108.

Sánchez-Martí, Jordi. Rev. of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Trans. by Simon Armitage. Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 119-21.

Sanders, Arnold A. 'Malory's Transition Formulae: Fate, Volition, and Narrative Structure.' AInt 2.1 (Fall 1987): 27-46.

Abstract: The pattern of usage found in Malory suggests that his narrative transition formulae were used according to reliable principles. The beginnings of his three largest blocks of episodes uniformly contain a lengthy analeptic summary of affairs in Arthur's kingdom to ground the following events in that political context. This suggests a division of his text into three macrosegments; Arthur's early reign; the Roman War, Lancelot, and Gareth matter; and Trystan, Sankgreal, and the 'Morte' proper. The analeptic summary, itself, may begin with a form of 'hit befelle' jointure, or it may lead to such a usage at the key event which precipitates the ensuing series of episodes. Though not a sufficient cause of all that follows, this event serves as a narrative boundary between general summary of past conditions and the dramatic narration of events occurring within a brief period. Within larger episode segments begun by such 'hit befelle' formulae, transition to unusually important sequences of events also may be emphasized by forms of 'hit befelle' formulae, but occurs without extensive analeptic summary. Those following groups of episodes are not specifically disconnected from their antecedents, but rather are implicitly connected by the relative strength of their transition formulae and accompanying analeptic summary. Within larger episode segments, forms of the Maloryan turning jointure ('Now leve we and turn we') suggest comparison, evaluation, and judgment of the characters who are left, those to whom we turn, and those of whom we speak. (AAS)

-------. 'Sir Gareth and the "Unfair Unknown": Malory’s Use of the Gawain Romances.' Arthuriana 16.1 (Spring 2006): 34-46.

Abstract: Malory’s ‘Gareth’ narrative achieves comic effects by combining episodes from the ‘Fair Unknown’ romances with others from the Gawain romances, especially those involving beheading games, bed tests, and confrontations with ‘felon knights.’ (AS)

Sandler, Florence Field. 'Family Romance in The Once and Future King.' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 73-80.

Abstract: T. H. White longs for harmony: between men, between parents and children, and within the self. He dreams of a family romance in which a son heroically displaces the father and just as heroically returns the queen-mother to him. It is a simple fantasy which comforts everybody because for all his imperfections, Lancelot lives honorably, if not happily, ever after. The overt fantasy, Arthur's longing that Might be used only in the service of Right is simple, too. For this reason it seems possible that if our young people continue to read T. H. White's story of Arthur year after year, the once and future king will make a difference in our lives. Although the novel airs the dark desires we can barely cope with and sets before us the vision of a harmonious world we can only hope to realize, its characters bring dignity to their limited situations. Their acceptance encourages us to do the same. (FFS)

-------. 'A Jewish Encounter with Arthurian Romance.' Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 69-77.

Abstract: This essay discusses an Italian version of the Prose Lancelot which a scribe translated into Hebrew in 1279. (FS)

Saul, Nigel. Rev. of Edward III’s Round Table at Windsor.' By Richard Barber, Richard Brown, and Julian Munby. Arthuriana 17.4 (Fall 2007): 118.

Saunders, Corinne. Rev. of Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature. Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose, eds. Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 104-105.

Saux, Francoise H.M. Rev. of Collaborative Meaning in Medieval Scribal Culture, The Otho Lazamon.' By Elizabeth J. Bryan. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 116.

Sayers, William. 'Marie de France's Chievrefoil, Hazel Rods, and the Ogam Letters Coll and Uillenn.' Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 3-16.

Abstract: A better understanding of the medieval hazel coppice, the inscription of Irish Ogam along the edges of stone or wood, and the Ogam letters coll 'hazel' and uillenn 'honeysuckle' aids in our appreciation of Marie's
lai as fundamentally concerned with the transformative, commemorative artistic process. (WS)

-------.'La Joie de la Cort (Érec et Énide), Mabon, and Early Irish síd [peace; Otherworld].' 17.2 Arthuriana (Summer 2007): 10-27.

Abstract: The several anomalies of the Joie de la Cort episode in Chrétien de Troyes’s Érec et Énide are addressed through the dual semantics of Irish síd, the equation of radiance and joy in the Celtic languages, and Mabon’s imprisonment in the ‘Bright Fortress’ of Caer Loyw. (WS)

-------.'Medieval Irish Language and Literature: An Orientation for Arthurians.' 17.4 Arthuriana (Fall 2007): 70-80.

Abstract: Reasons and means are outlined for students and scholars of Arthurians letters to familiarize themselves with a unique and rich corpus of medieval literature. (WS)

-------. Rev. of Ulster and the Isles in the Fifteenth Century: The Lordship of the Clann Domhnaill of Antrim. By Simon Kingston. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 105.

Schotter, Anne. Rev. of Political Allegory in Late Medieval England by Ann W. Astell. Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 131-32.

Schroeder, Peter R. 'Saying but Little: Malory and the Suggestion of Emotion.' Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 43-51.

Abstract: When he shows a character saying 'but lyyll,' Malory suggests a more complex emotion than he does through his usual emotional displays. (PRS)

Schwartz, Debora B. 'The Horseman Before the Cart: Le Chevalier de la Charrete and Intertextual Theory.' Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 11-27.

Abstract: This essay combines a Riffaterrean model of intertextuality with Jaussian reception theory to analyze the textual dynamics at work in Chrétien de Troyes's Chevalier de la Charrette . Ulrich von Zatzikhoven's Lanzelet, standing in for its lost French source, is considered as part of the matiere reworked by Chrétien in the Charrette ; an intertextual reading of the two romances provides insight into what may have been Chrétien's san . (DBS)

-------. Rev. of Amadas and Ydoine. Trans. Ross G. Arthur. Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 107-109.

-------. Rev. of Lancelot and Guinevere: A Casebook. Ed. Lori J. Walters. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 119-21.

-------. Rev. of Conjunctures: Medieval Studies in Honor of Douglas Kelly. Ed. Keith Busby and Norris J. Lacy. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 123-25.

-------. 'Guinglain and Lancelot: The Nightmares in Le Bel Inconnu.' Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 3-31.

Abstract: The Lancelot of Chrétien's Charrette is the primary intertextual model for the Unknown Knight Guinglain in Renaut de Beaujeu's Bel Inconnu. Guinglain's Lancelotian nightmares, parody the Sword Bridge and Future Cemetery episodes of the Charrette, link the narratives of poet and hero and offer a medieval example of the 'anxiety of influence.'

Sears, Theresa Ann. '"And Fall Down at His Feet": Signifying Guinevere in Chrétien's Chevalier de la Charrete.' Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 44-53.

Abstract: In The Knight of the Cart, Chrétien surrounds his protagonists with a web of symbolically charged signs. These signs, in spite of the profound significance that they have for the characters, nevertheless serve to question the poem's interpretation of its characters' identity as much as they confirm it. (TAS)

Sebastian, John T. "Teaching Undergraduates How to Read Arthurian Texts." Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 6-13.

Abstract: Three strategies for teaching critical reading skills to non-majors in the undergraduate Arthurian classroom engage students as novice readers of pre-modern sources by exploiting what they do not and cannot know about medieval culture and inviting them to apply expertise developed in other disciplines to Arthuriana. (JTS)

Séguy, Mireille. 'Naming and Renaming: On Two Grail Scenes in L’Estoire del Saint Graal.' Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 87-102.

AbstractL'Estoire del Saint Graal is crafted with a concern for precise naming which is authenticated by divine transcendence and/or etymological explications. The Grail, like the castle where it resides, is given a series of names. This is more than a matter of accumulating names. Rather, they are the means whereby the romance overwrites the divine word, and thereby appropriates for fictional representation the power to convey meaning. (MS)

Sharon-Zisser, Shirley. Rev. of The Judaic Other in Dante, the Gawain Poet, and Chaucer. Catherine S. Cox. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 82-83.

Sheehan, Sarah . 'Giants, Boar-hunts, and Barbering: Masculinity in Culhwch ac Olwen.' Arthuriana 15.3 (Fall 2005): 3-25.

Abstract: Analysis of Culhwch ac Olwen’s barbering theme demonstrates that Culhwch’s heterosexual coming-of-age necessitates quests for masculine signifiers, overdetermining the emasculation of Ysbaddaden’s final defeat. (SS)

Shepherd, Stephen H.A. Rev. of Editing 'Piers Plowman': The Evolution of the Text. By Charlotte Brewer. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 74-76.

Shichtman, Martin B. 'Percival's Sister: Genealogy, Virginity, and Blood.' Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 11-20.

Abstract: Because she is a virgin and seems to play a pivotal role in the 'Tale of the Sankgreal' scholars have been reluctant to recognize Percival's sister as a commodity in the sexual economy of Malory's text. This essay suggests Percival's sister is trafficked, to several different parties, to create bonds among kinship groups. (MBS)

Shippey, Tom. Rev. of The Hawk and the Wolf: Book One, the Matter of Britain. By Mark Adderley. Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 77-78.

Shoaf, Judy. Rev. of Illuminations. By Gillian Polack. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 112-113.

Shoji, Kunniko. Rev. of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Trans. by Tadahiro Ikegami. Arthuriana 21.2 (Summer 2011).

Siewers, Alfred K. Rev. of Spenser's Supreme Fiction: Platonic Natural History and The Faerie Queene. By John A. Quitslund. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 105-107.

Simpson, Roger. 'William Fulford: An Arthurian Reclaimed.' QetF 1.1 (Spring 1991): 56-72.

Abstract: Fulford's work differs from that of Tennyson in three significant ways. Fulford did not adopt Tennyson's portrayal of Arthur as the 'blameless king.' Fulford adapts his Malorian source in an elliptical manner, while Tennyson does not. The general aim of Fulford is distinct from Tennyson's in that whereas the latter's Arthurian world is concerned with the making, ruling, and dissolution of a realm, Fulford's is much narrower in scope, and is chiefly confined to the personal relationships between men and women. Fulford's special interest in Lancelot as a lover is heightened by the knight's religious dedication. (RS)

-------. 'Merlin and Hull: A Seventeenth-Century Prophecy.' QetF 3.1 (Spring 1993): 60-65.

Abstract: Although the blessing of Merlin had traditionally been invoked by Tudor apologists, and although the Roman Catholic Church had officially discountenanced appeals to Merlin's power of divination by placing him on the Index, his reputation remained widespread, with the result that no single group could wholly monopolise his authority in the mid-seventeenth century. Both Royalists and Parliamentarians might therefore lay claim to him as propaganda weapon in the verbal skirmishing that was fought through the medium of political pamphleteering. A year after Heywood's The Life of Merlin appeared, the outbreak of hostilities in Yorkshire provided the occasion for Merlin's admonitory intervention on the Royalist side. Included in a pamphlet printed in London on 12 August 1642 was a forty-eight-line poem entitled Merlin's Prophesie of Kingstone upon Hull, a work which was clearly based on the happenings of that spring and summer. (RS)

-------. 'A Minor Road to Camelot: Once a Week, 1859-1867.' Arthuriana 4.1 (Spring 1994): 46-69.

Abstract: This article catalogues, investigates, and assesses the generally overlooked mass of Arthurian poetry, prose, and illustration, which appeared in the magazine Once a Week during the 1860s. Although the individual items are of only minor quality, cumulatively they form a significant body of work, providing evidence of a range of alternative approaches to the major Tennysonian tradition in mid-Victorian Arthurian literature. (RS)

-------. 'The Nannu Oak: Bulwer Lytton and his Midsummer Knight at the Westminster Round Table.' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 124-136.

Abstract: Lytton's King Arthur sometimes has richer resonances than is generally acknowledged. Gawaine's encounter with the fairies relates not only to Welsh topographical legends but to contemporary artistic and political events at Westminster. (RS)

-------. 'King Arthur at the Punch Round Table'. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 94-115.

-------. 'Building Arthurian Castles in Spain: William Sotheby's Constance de Castile.' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 77-87.

Abstract: In Sotheby's narrative of fourteenth-century Spanish dynastic politics, which may be read as an allegory of the early nineteenth-century Peninsular War, two extensive Arthurian references play a key structural role. (RS)

-------. Rev. of King Arthur in Music. By Richard Barber. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 112-113.

-------. 'Camelot Calling: BBC Radio's Role in the Diffusion and Evolution of the Arthurian Legends, 1935 to 1960.' Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 23-52.

Abstract: This article traces and evaluates the BBC's role in promoting and restoring the traditional Arthurian canon, and in developing a new genre of radio drama. (RS)

-------. 'King Arthur in World War Two Poetry: His Finest Hour?' Arthuriana 13.1 (Spring 2003): 66-91.

Abstract: This article surveys the many and diverse forms taken by the Arthurian legends in English poetry during the Second World War. (RS)

-------.'Sir Tarquin and The Holy Grail at Hawkstone Park.' 17.2 Arthuriana (Summer 2007): 50-61.

Abstract: An examination of the creation and transmission of localised Arthurian legend over two centuries at a major English landscape garden. (RS)

-------.'Arthurian Pageants in Twentieth-Century Britain.' 18.1 Arthuriana (Spring 2008): 63-87.

Abstract: Despite their apparent lack of historicity, adaptations of the Arthurian legends played a significant role within British historical pageants in the twentieth century. (RS)

-------. Rev. of Medievalism: The Middle Ages in Modern England. By Michael Alexander. Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 75-76.

-------. 'Sacred Relics: Travelers and the Holy Grail. ' Arthuriana 21.2 (Summer 2011): 42-58.

Abstract: The Holy Grail was generally treated ahistorically in the nineteenth century, and a heterodox early Victorian inclination to associate the Arthurian legend with sacred relics in Italian and Spanish churches was soon abandoned because of fears of an encroaching Roman Catholicism. Literary representation of the Grail reverted to an allegorical mode rather than a concern with physical relics. (RS)

Siverson, Erik Louis. Rev. of Arthur, High King of Britain. By Michael Morpurgo; Black Horses for the King. By Anne McCaffrey; and Passager. By Jane Yolen. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 164-66.

Sklar, Elizabeth S. 'Adventure and the Spiritual Semantics of Malory's Tale of the Sankgreal.' AInt 2.2 (Spring 1988): 34-46.

Abstract: Malory's Tale of the Sankgreal posits the need for a new value system to replace the spirituality depleted and morally vitiated secular code that has guided the Round Table fellowship up to this point in the history of Logres. The narrative entails a process of redefinition, whereby the language and assumptions of secular heroic achievement are translated into the language of spiritual attainment; the values of the old system are programatically dismantled as the tenets of the new, valued system are set in place. The concept of adventure is the primary target for redefinition here. Normative adventure, with its emphasis on enhancing personal 'worth' through the exercise of physical prowess, becomes futile or fatal in the Grail world. Right-thinking, passivity, abstention from sexuality, penitence, and openness to God's will are the qualities required of those who would achieve the highest adventure of all--'adventure of the Sankgreal.' (MLD)

-------. Rev. of Malory: The Critical Heritage. By Marylyn Jackson Parins. QetF 1.2 (Summer 1991): 85-87.

-------. Rev. of T.H. White's The Once and Future King. By Elisabeth Brewer. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 95-99.

-------. Rev. of Le Morte d'Arthur: The Legend of the King. Films for the Humanities and Sciences. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 123-24.

-------. 'Re-writing Malory: Vinaver's Selected Tales' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 53-63.

Abstract: This essay scrutinizes the editorial choices Vinaver made in King Arthur and His Knights: Selected Tales by Sir Thomas Malory and examines the way those choices radically reconstitute the substance, shape, and thematics of Malory's Morte Darthur. (ESS)

-------. Rev. of The Female Reader at the Round Table: Religion and Women in Three Contemporary Arthurian Texts. By Kristina Hildebrand. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 135-136.

-------. Rev. of Black Knight. By Gil Junger, dir. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 139-140.

-------. Rev. of Medieval Worlds: A Sourcebook. By Roberta Anderson and Dominic Aidan Bellinger, eds. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 75-76.

Sleeth, Charles R. 'Gawain's Judgment Day.' Arthuriana 4.2 (Summer 1994): 175-83.

Abstract: The purportedly Christian confession and absolution scene at Hautdesert serves only to heighten by contrast the vital consequences that the parodic absolution and confession scene at the Green Chapel has for Gawain. The Green Knight's power can arguably be understood as the retained power of the olds gods in a Christian society. (CRS)

Sloan, Patricia. 'Richard Wagner's Arthurian Sources, Jessie L. Weston, and T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land.' Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 30-53.

Abstract: A survey of the references to Arthurian romance and Wagnerian operas in T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land confirms the special importance of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde to Eliot's poem. (PS)

Slojka, Ewa. 'Escape from Paradox: Perceval's Upbringing in the Conte du Graal.' Arthuriana 18.4 (Winter 2008): 66-86.

Abstract: Perceval's mother's withdrawal from the community and her flawed education of her son suggest a spiritual crisis and doubt about God's presence in human life. (ES)

Smelik, Bernadette. 'The Intended Audience of Irish Arthurian Romances.' Arthuriana 17.4 (Fall 2007): 49-69.

Abstract: Between the fourteenth and seventeenth century five Arthurian romances were written in the Irish language. This article compares the narrative structure of these romances and their portrayal of King Arthur to French Arthurian verse romances and considers the intended audience for Irish Arthurian Romance. (BS)

Smith, Christopher. Rev. of The English Medieval Minstrel. By John Southworth. QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 91-92.

Smith, Evans Lansing. 'The Arthurian Underworld of Modernism: Thomas Mann, Thomas Pynchon, Robertson Davies.' AInt 4.2 (Spring 1990): 50-64.

Abstract: Major works by Thomas Mann, Thomas Pynchon, and Robertson Davies allude specifically to a Grail quest imagined in realistic terms. These works also exhibit a trait commonly shared among Modernist adaptations of the legend: a tendency towards allusions which involve the journey to the underworld, a basic motif in Arthurian myth. (ELS)

-------. 'The Narrative Structure of T.H. White's The Once and Future King.' QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 39-52.

Abstract: The plot structure of all four of the books in The Once and Future King is basically the same: each book oscillates between opposing settings in the progressive development of its plot, which culminates in a reconciliatory climax which recapitulates the entire action of the individual book. The notion of the reconciliation of opposites is of course basic to the structure of comedy, where the marriage of male and female brings together the opposing factions within and without to make new life possible. The ineluctable severing of the opposites constitutes the motive of tragedy, where the death of the hero results from the triumph of internal and external schisms. T.H. White incorporates the structure of both genres in his 'comprehensive' novel, relying on the rhythms of comedy in books 1 and 2, and modulating towards tragedy in books 3 and 4. The novel as a whole is 'both a comedy and a tragedy,' and divides itself into two halves accordingly. Furthermore, although each of the books is a self-contained novel, each also functions 'contrapuntally' as a movement within a symphonic whole. (ELS)

Smyth, Marina. Rev. of Liber epistolarum sancti Patricii episcopi. The Book of the Letters of Saint Patrick the Bishop. Ed. and Trans. David R. Howlett. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 76-78.

Snyder, Christopher A. Rev. of The English Conquest: Gildas and Britain in the Fifth Century. By N.J. Higham. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 69-71.

-------. Rev. of The Celtic Latin Tradition of Biblical Style. By David R. Howlett. Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 78-80.

-------. Rev. of Sutton Hoo: Burial Ground of Kings? By Martin Carver. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 60-61.

-------. Rev. of From Ancient Celts to Camelot. 3 volumes: The Early Celts and the Legends that Preceeded Thomas Malory, Sir Thomas Malory's Great Work, and Moving on from Malory. By Jonathan Smalley. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 140-141.

-------. Rev. of The Holy Grail: The Legend, the History, the Evidence. By Justin E. Griffin. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 130-132.

-------. Rev. of Arthurian Sites in the West. By C.A. Ralegh and Michael J. Swanton, eds. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 113-114.

-------. Rev. of History on the Edge: Excalibur and the Borders of Britain 1100-1300. By Michelle R. Warren. Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 108-109.

-------. The Use of History and Archaeology in Contemporary Arthurian Fiction. Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 114-122

Abstract: From the 1970s on, the majority of writers of narrative fiction who have turned to the Arthurian legends for their novels have chosen an historical approach. These novelists used history and archaeology to reconstruct the world of King Arthur. (CAS)

Snyder, Maryanne K. [Poem] 'Isolde to Tristan.' QetF 2.1 (Spring 1992): 98.

-------. [Poem] 'Lancelot to Guinevere.' QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 80.

-------. [Poem] 'Palimedes to Isolde.' QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 37.

Spangenberg, Brady J. 'Delay the War but Not the Sex: Boiardo on Action and Time. ' Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011): 97-109.

Abstract: Matteo Maria Boiardo developed two contrasting experiences of time, one pertinent to war, the other to personal relationships. Where the martial sequences of the Orlando Innamorato develop in linear chronology, its romantic sequences move in asynchronous fashion, sometimes forward, sometimes backward, but always indeterminate. Delay is often necessary in war but usually useless in love. (BJS)

Spearing, A.C. 'Public and Private Spaces in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.' Arthuriana 4.2 (Summer 1994): 138-45.

Abstract: In medieval romances, the hero, moving between enclosed settings, characteristically passes through an open setting that tests his inner identification with civilized values. This pattern in SGGK is complicated by a distinction between two kinds of enclosed setting, the public and masculine hall and the private and feminine chamber. At Camelot all action is communal and public. At Hautdesert, however, the boundaries between public and private spaces, masculine and feminine spheres, are blurred and eventually dissolve. This spatial destructuring leaves us uncertain how to conceive the relation between inner and outer values. (ACS)

Sponsler, Claire. Rev. of Cheshire including Chester. Records of Early English Drama. 2 vols.. By Elizabeth Baldwin, Lawrence M. Clopper, and David Mills, eds. Arthuriana 17.4 (Fall 2007): 117.

Sprague, Kurth. 'The Troubled Heart of T.H. White: Women and The Once and Future King.' Arthuriana 16.3 (Fall 2006): 5-197.

Staines, David. Rev. of An Annotated Bibliography and Study of the Contemporary Criticism of Tennyson's Idylls of the King: 1859-1886. By Aletha Andrew. Arthuriana 5.1 (Autumn 1995): 95-97.

-------. Rev. of Perceval: The Story of the Grail. By Chretien de Troyes. Trans. B.Raffel. Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 133-35.

-------. Rev. of Erec and Enide and Cliges. Trans. Ruth Harwood Cline. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 117-118.

Stallcup, Stephen. Rev. of Sir Thomas Malory: Views and Re-views. Ed. D. Thomas Hanks, Jr. QetF 3.1 (Spring 1993): 66-68.

-------. 'An Arthurian Excerpt from the Historia regum Britannie in British Library MS Cotton Nero D.v' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 12-41.

Abstract: This study provides a transcription of a hitherto unexamined abridgment of the Arthurian section of Geoffrey's HRB and demonstrates its relationship to two manuscripts in the Second Variant B subgroup. (SS)

-------. Rev. of Andreas and the Ambiguity of Courtly Love. By Paolo Cherchi. Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 80-82.

-------. Rev. of Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian Tradition. By James P. Carley. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 114-117.

Stanbury, Sarah. Rev. of Medieval Mythography: From Roman North Africa to the School of Chartres, A.D. 433-1177. By Jane Chance. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 117-20.

Stein, Robert M. Rev. of The Faces of Time: Portrayal of the Past in Old French and Latin Historical Narrative of the Anglo-Norman Regnum. By Jean Blacker. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 120-24.

Stephenson, Will, and Mimosa Stephenson. 'Proto-Modernism in Tennyson's "The Holy Grail."' QetF 2.4 (Winter 1992): 49-55.

Abstract: Tennyson anticipates the modern spirit in his religious skepticism, his enveloping ambiguity, and his elaboration of subjective narrative techniques. These traits are not found in Tennyson's principal source for the Arthurian legend. Sir Thomas Malory was a sinner, but he was not an atheist or an agnostic. Malory's knights frequently experience visions, but they always encounter a hermit or wandering monk to explicate the vision and remove any chance of ambiguity, both for the protagonist and for the reader. Malory's work, which contains nothing of modernism, was published in 1485, the year considered by many the end of the medieval period in English literature. Tennyson's completed Idylls of the King was published exactly four hundred years later, in the year now often cited as the beginning of the modernist period. (WS and MS)

Sterling-Hellenbrand, Alexandra. 'Women on the Edge in Parzival : A Study of the "Grail Women."' QetF 3.2 (Summer 1993): 56-68.

Abstract: The Arthurian literature produced in the German- speaking area around the end of the twelfth century represents the first secular literature specifically intended for the courtly audience. Since this audience consisted largely of women, the roles depicted and enacted by women in these poems served a prescriptive function for the behavior of the noblewomen in the audience. Investigation of the role that the concept of marginality plays in Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival perhaps facilitated the absorption of such prescriptive behavior into German society during this period of German courtly literature. The concept of female marginality in Wolfram's Parzival may be applied to the roles of Sigune and Cundrie, the former isolated and alone in the forest and the latter constantly traveling as a messenger between the Grail world and the Arthurian world, while belonging to neither. When used as a criterion to evaluate the category of 'Grail Women' in general, this concept of marginality offers further insights into their function(s). (AS-H)

Stillinger, Thomas C . Rev. of The Ethics of Nature in the Middle Ages: On Boccaccio’s Poetaphysics. By Gregory B. Stone. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 80-82.

Stock, Lorraine Kochanske. 'Arms and the (Wo)man' in Medieval Romance: The Gendered Arming of Female Warriors in the Roman d'Eneas and Heldris's Roman de Silence.' Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 56-83.

Abstract: An analysis of the arming of female warriors in the Roman d'Eneas and the Roman de Silence demonstrates a gendered différence between male and female warriors in medieval romance, as revealed in the presence or absence of stones of vertu on their armor. (LKS)

--------. 'The Importance of Being Gender 'Stable': Masculinity and Feminine Empowerment in Le Roman de Silence.' Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 7-34.

Abstract: Events and characterization in Heldris' Roman de Silence are structured to allocate power according to gender, as shown in the destabilizing of King Ebain's 'masculinity' and the empowerment of several female characters including the hero(ine). (LKS)

-------. Rev. of Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference. By Marilynn Desmond. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 122-25.

-------. Rev. of Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales. By Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 113-16.

--------. 'Civilization and Its Discontents: Cultural Primitivism and Merlin as a Wild Man in the Roman de Silence.' Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 22-36.

Abstract: By depicting Merlin as a Wild Man and referring allusively to Dangiers in the Roman de la Rose, Heldris engages ambivalently with the discourse of cultural primitivism, which expresses discontent with civilization and promotes a 'natural' lifestyle as preferable to the corruption inherent in 'nurtured' civilized life.(LKS)

-------. Rev. of Malory's Le Morte Darthur: Anatomy of a Legend; Understanding Sir Gawain
and the Green Knight; The Legend of Arthur in Literature and Popular Culture.
 Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 96-98.

Stone, Gregory B. 'Chrétien de Troyes and Cultural Materialism.' Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 69-87.

Abstract: Modern readings of Chrétien de Troyes have been governed by the assumptions of idealist literary criticism. Chrétien is usually thought to have believed: 1) that ideas precede and determine the shape of material, social reality and 2) that the artist's task is to present ideas that will regulate the material practices of his or her society. Two famous episodes in the Chevalier de la charrete suggest that Chrétien is in fact a cultural materialist, one who believes that material realities and practices precede and determine ideas. (GLS)

-------. Rev. of Rewriting Resemblance in Medieval French Romance: Ceci n'est pas un graal. By Paul Vincent Rockwell. Arthuriana 8.1 (Summer 1998): 150-52.

Straughn, Gregory. Wagner's Musical Quest: The 'Grail' in ParsifalArthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 54-66.

Abstract: In Parsifal, Richard Wagner rearranges the chronological order, uses a pre-existing musical phrase as the 'Grail' motif, and continually evokes the past through narratives and quotations, thus creating a ritualistic mood for the music-drams--an effect carried over into the festival house which was built for its first performance. (GS)

Struve, Laura. The Public Life and Private Desires of Women in William Morris's "Defence of Guenevere." Arthuriana 6.3 (Fall 1996): 15-28.

Abstract: Morris's poem illustrates how Victorian conceptions of public and private spheres restricted women, and it also indicates how women could manipulate these discourses to overcome those restrictions. (LS)

Sturges, Robert S. 'La(ca)ncelot.' AInt 4.2 (Spring 1990): 12-23.

Abstract: Scholars have frequently seen the relationship of self to society as the true subject matter of medieval romance. Most of Chrétien's romances, and others, may be seen as narratives of the alienated self being gradually reintegrated into society. In other romances, though, this goal is not reached: Marie de France's Lanval escapes from his alienating society into another world, while Lancelot is typically the hero whose love for Guinevere subverts social codes and even, in later versions of the story, ultimately destroys social organization entirely. Lacan's essays on the development of the subject and on its progress from the 'imaginary' into the 'symbolic' order of language may help account both for this common narrative structure of romance, and for potential deviations from it, such as Le Chevalier de la charrette. (RSS)

------. 'Chrétien de Troyes in English Translation: A Guide to the Issues.' Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 205-23.

Abstract: This essay offers guidance in discriminating among the available English translations of the romances of Chrétien de Troyes. Rather than selecting a 'best' translation, it establishes criteria by which readers can judge which translations suit their needs. Translations are considered in terms of what they translate, of how they are translated, of how much help they provide in reading the romances in question. (RSS)

------. Rev. of Hochon's Arrow: The Social Imagination of Fourteenth-Century Texts. By Paul Strohm. Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 135-137.

------. 'Chrétien's Knight of the Cart and Critical Theory.' Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 1-10.

Abstract: Explicitly theoretical readings of the Chevalier de la charrete of Chrétien de Troyes, including those in the present collection, demonstrate the extent to which medievalists have by now adapted various poststructuralisms to the understanding of medieval texts. Medievalists can now take twentieth-century critical theory for granted, and a variety of such approaches are now included in the medievalist's critical repertory. (RSS)

------. 'Epistemology of the Bedchamber: Textuality, Knowledge, and the Representation of Adultery in Malory and the Prose LancelotArthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 47-62.

Abstract: Malory's text and his source, the Prose Lancelot, represent two competing models of medieval textuality recently theorized by Mary J. Carruthers and by Alexandre Leupin, the 'memorial' and the 'incarnational,' respectively. These different models of textuality also imply competing epistemologies and reading strategies, and allow for the two texts' different approaches to the problem of representing adultery. (RSS)

-------. Rev. of Medieval Reading: Grammar, Rhetoric and the Classical Text. By Suzanne Reynolds. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 101-103.

------. 'The Crossdresser and the Juventus: Category Crisis in Silence.' Arthuriana 12.1 (Spring 2002): 37-49.

Abstract: Problematics of class and gender intersect in the crossdressing heroines of medieval romance. Silence can be read as an alternate version of the high medieval disinherited younger son, the juvenis, supporting Marjorie Garber's claim that the crossdresser often represents displaced anxieties about categories other than gender.(RSS)

Sullivan, Joseph M. 'MGM's 1953 Knights of the Round Table in its Manuscript Context.' Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 53-68.

Abstract: With financial and technical success, Knights of the Round Table embraced a production formula that MGM developed in four 1950s' spectacle films. The film is, however, flawed by its overly cautious portrayal of physical love and the miscasting of Ava Gardner as Guinevere. (JMS)

-------. 'Cinema Arthuriana without Malory?: The International Reception of Fuqua, Franzoni, and Bruckheimer’s King Arthur (2004).' 17.2 Arthuriana (Summer 2007): 85-105.

Abstract: Filmmakers deviate greatly from traditional Arthurian narrative, challenging the distinct expectations that each national audience brings to this most un-Malorian picture. (JMS)

------. Rev. of Lanzelet, Florian Kragl, ed. Vol. 1, Text und Übersetzung. Vol. 2, Forschungsbericht und Kommentar. By Ulrich Von Zatzikhoven. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 122-123.

------. Rev. of German Romance Volume III: Hartmann von Aue: Iwein or the Knight with the Lion, Cyril Edwars, ed. and trans. Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 77.

------. 'Middle High German Arthurian Romance: New Readings. ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 3-5.

------. 'Select Bibliography for Middle High German Arthurian Romance of English-Language Translations and Recent Scholarship in English ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 110-18.

Surles, Robert L. 'Mark of Cornwall: Noble, Ignoble, Ignored.' AInt 3.2 (Spring 1989): 60-75.

Abstract: The Tristan legend came of a time when nobility was what society naturally ascribed to an aristocratic status. Mark held his as king, as husband, and as uncle. At the time of the telling there were no antagonists in the tale. Later, a critical, romantic bias for one of the players predicated the loss of status for another. At that time, as rivals, only the author's favored character could prevail, while the other must fall in ignominy. Finally, in the natural course of traditional folklore, having 'settled the contest,' only the victor remains afoot--the 'loser.' Mark, King of Cornwall, is (in both the original and contemporary senses of the word) ignored. (RLS)

Sutherland, Jenifer. 'Rhyming Patterns and Structures of Meaning in the Stanzaic Morte ArthurArthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 1-24.

Abstract: Analyzing the pattern of rhymes in the Stanzaic Morte Arthur, this essay argues that the poet develops a system of structural relationships by associating each of the four main characters with a personal sound pattern that builds his or her fate into the fate of the court. Rhyme contributes to the poem's power and beauty. (JS)

Sutton, Anne F., and Livia Visser-Fuchs. 'The Dark Dragon of the Normans: A Creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth, Stephen of Rouen, and Merlin Silvester.' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 1-19.

Abstract: Twelfth-century evidence affirms the existence of a national dragon of the Normans. It was perhaps created out of a conscious need to compete with the national dragons of the Britons and the Saxons in literature, prophecy, and myth, and to destroy them as effectively as their peoples had been defeated in war. The obscure and involved story of the Dark Dragon has to start with 'Nennius'; it finds inspiration in the work of Geoffrey of Monmouth, especially where he is concerned with the prophet Merlin, both Merlin Ambrosius and Merlin Silvester; and it takes in the Prophecy of the Eagle , which Geoffrey chose to leave wrapped in mystery and uncertainty and was later 'discovered' and attributed to Merlin Silvester, as well as the verse epic Normannicus Draco of Stephen of Rouen. The Dark Dragon was still known in 1259, but soon after it passed out of literature and memory. (AFS and LV-F)

Sweeney, Mickey. 'Divine Love or Loving Divinely?: The Ending of Malory’s Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 73-77.

Abstract: This article examines the merits of two potential readings of Malory’s ending to the Morte Darthur: is Launcelot being envisioned as a martyr for the ‘religion of love’ or as a saint martyred by love? (MS)

Symons, Dana M. 'Does Tristan Think, or Doesn't He? The Pleasures of the Middle English Sir Tristrem.' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 3-22.

Abstract: Contrasting representations of selfhood in the Tristan story point to differences in audience pleasure and expectation that highlight the separate milieux for literate French and popular English narratives and mark diverging tastes within medieval English audiences. (DMS)

Tarvers, Josephine Koster. Rev. of The Writings of Medieval Women, 2nd edition. Trans. Marcelle Thiébaux. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 107-109.

Taylor, Jane H.M. 'Hungrie Shadows': Pierre Sala and His Yvain.' Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 7-19.

Abstract: Pierre Sala's intralingual translation of Chrétien's Yvain (1520) inflects the source text not simply linguistically but also ideologically, to chime with the tastes and preferences of his sixteenth-century readers. (JHMT)

-------. Rev. of A Companion to Arthurian Literature. By Helen Fulton. Arthuriana 21.1 (Spring 2011): 116-17.

Taylor, Larissa Juliet. Rev. of Heaven and Earth in the Middle Ages: The Physical World Before Columbus. By Rudolf Simek. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 105-106.

Taylor, Mark N.. Rev. of Ermengard of Narbonne and the World of the Troubadours. By Fredric L. Cheyette. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 96.

Thomas, Neil. 'The Celtic Wild Man Tradition and Geoffrey of Monmouth's Vita Merlini: Madness or Contemptus Mundi?' Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 27-42.

Abstract: The Merlin material in the Vita Merlini, seen in the tradition of the Celtic saints' lives, shows how the image of Merlin, originally that of a psychological casualty of the battle of Arfderyddd, is modified to take on the positive profile of a Celtic holy man. (NT).

Thomas, Patrick Michael. 'Circle as Structure: The Tristan of Thomas.' QetF 1.3 (Fall 1991): 41-54.

Abstract: Investigation into the inner workings of Thomas's Tristan indicates that this poetic masterpiece is founded on variants of the circular construct: the macro-circle and the spiraling circle. Within the all-embracing double ring of thanatos and eros , there are events that recur within the story line: the drinking of the philter in the beginning and the reference to this fatal potion at the end; the initial and third wounding in the thigh of Tristan requiring the presence of Ysolt; the double break between Ysolt and Brengvein--first initiated by the queen, then by the maidservant; the changing fortunes and misfortunes of the lovers; the initial sea voyage that begins the lovers' passion and the last one that brings it to an end. A closer scrutiny also reveals that within those larger structures are micro-circles that reverberate, mirror, or predict certain aspects of the tale: the vacillating good and bad seas of Ysolt's last voyage, the lai of Guirun, the parallel lovers, i.e., Kaherdin and Brengvein, Tristan le Nain and his lady. The third type of circular construct is the spiraling circle which involves reiterated actions: the triple occurrences of certain events, the whirlpools of circular reasonings found especially in the interior monologues of Tristan, the unending ebb and flow between love and rage in the Hall of Statues fragment, the perpetual circles of frustration suffered by Tristan/Ysolt and their spouses. Analyzing this particular construct reveals how Tristan, when faced with unresolvable conflicts, usually chooses a false resolution. Ironically, it is this error in judgment, combined with Ysolt of the White Hands's circle of frustration, that brings the end of the romance back full circle to its fated beginning. (PMT)

------. 'Tristan and the Avatars of the Lunar Goddess.' QetF 2.3 (Fall 1992): 15-21.

Abstract: Beneath the veneer of civilization and Christianity, the Tristan of Thomas seems to show evidence of being influenced by the archaic cult of the White Goddess. The very ambiguity of white is reflective of this deity's creative and destructive modes. It appears that her various aspects are parceled out in the different female characters of romance. Sometimes they are all together as when Tristan wakes up and sees the two Isoldes, mother and daughter, and Brangene. At other times the female trinity is split up: Blanchefleur, Iseult the Fair, Iseult of the White Hands. One aspect of the White Goddess is especially provocative: Blodeuwedd of the white flowers, whose epithet recalls Blanchefleur and whose betrayal of her husband, along with her white fingers, recalls Iseult of the White Hands. Combined with Iseult the Fair, this fragmented trinity once again looks back to the White Goddess, this time in her triple role as the mother, lover, and murderer of her own son. The threefold cycle of love-death- rebirth, which was part of the Goddess's ancient ritual, is modified in the Tristan into a similar cycle of life--(near-death)--'rebirth.' This appeal to the primeval and the profoundly primitive undoubtedly forms one of the haunting charms of this enduring tale of fated love. (PMT)

Thomas, Paul . 'Reading Aloud with Tom Hanks: A Reader’s Perspective' Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 84-87.

Abstract: This article traces D. Thomas Hanks, Jr.’s skill as a reader of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Middle English texts, with special attention to his research into reading Malory aloud and his patience in teaching others to read Le Morte Darthur in the received pronunciation of late-fifteenth-century English. (PT)

Thompson, Ayanna. '"It lives dispersedly in many hands, And every minstrel sings it differently": Tennyson and the Comparative Approach to "The Story of Arthur". [The Round Table: Teaching King Arthur at Harvard.] Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 138-141.

Thompson, Mary L.H. Rev. of 'King Arthur: Looking at the Legend.' An Exhibition at the New York Public Library. QetF 1.3 (Fall 1991): 92-93.

Thompson, Raymond H. 'Morgause of Orkney, Queen of Air and Darkness.' QetF 3.1 (Spring 1993): 1-13.

Abstract: Sympathy is gained for Arthur by making Morgause aware that he is her half-brother, while he is ignorant. His subsequent sense of guilt about the incestuous union contrasts favorably with her flagrant disregard of propriety to further her own ambitions. Morgause is susceptible to development as a wicked character because of the enmity between Arthur and her husband Lot and the affair she has with Lamorak who is the same age as her adult children. Also, there may be contamination from the figure of Morgan la Fay. Malory goes even further than his sources in placing the blame for the fall of the Round Table upon Morgause's children, Gawain and his brothers. Morgause's decline gives her great power. (RHT)

-------. Rev. of The Winter King: A Novel of Arthur, Enemy of God: A Novel of Arthur, Excalibur: A Novel of Arthur. By Bernard Cornwell. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 162-165.

-------.'Rationalizing the Irrational : Merlin and His Prophecies in the Modern Historical Novel.' Arthuriana 10.1 (Spring 2000): 116-26.

Abstract: Merlin's magical powers are usually rationalized in modern historical fiction. His visions of the future, however , remain prophetic, even when they are aided by his own inspired guesswork and intervention in events.That Merlin's prophecies should so stubbornly resist the conventions of the genre suggests they have become a core element in Arthurian tradition.(RHT).

-------.Rev. of Dawnflight:The Legend of Guinevere. By Kim Headlee. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 111-13.

-------.Rev. of The King Arthur Myth in Modern American Literature. By Andrew E. Mathis. Arthuriana 12.4 (Winter 2002): 104-105.

-------.Rev. of A Bibliography of Modern Arthuriana (1500–2000). By Ann F. Howey and Stephen R. Reimer. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 96-97.

Tichelaar, Tyler R. 'Creating King Arthur's Children: A Trend in Modern Fiction.' Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 39-56.

Abstract: Modern novelists are creating non-traditional children for King Arthur to link the present to the Arthurian past and to reject the legend's tragic ending. (TRT)

Tiller, Kenneth J. '"So precyously coverde": Malory's Hermeneutic Quest of the Sankgreal.' Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 83-97.

Abstract: This essay demonstrates the ways Malory encodes various competing interpretations in the Tale of the Sankgreal to highlight tensions between secularchivalric and allegorical systems that inform the grail quest. (KJT)

-------.'En-graving Chivalry: tombs, Burials, and the Ideology of Knighthood in Malory's Tale of King Arthur.' Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 37-53.

Abstract: Malory's narratives of tomb building and tomb inscription in the first book of the Morte Darthur encode the ideals of Arthurian chivalric conduct onto geographic and textual space, organizing otherwise chaotic acts of violence. (KT)

-------.'The Rise of Sir Gareth and the Hermeneutics of Heraldry.' Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 1-18.

Abstract: Expanding on Bonnie Wheeler’s study of color and alchemical practices in Malory’s The Tale of Sir Gareth, this study finds that the procession of colors Sir Gareth battles draws signification from medieval heraldic, in particular, Iohannes de Bado’s fourteenth-century Tractatus de Armes. Malory transforms Gareth into one of the ‘Grete Knights’ through the order of the heraldic color spectrum, correlating each knight’s color to the landscape the knight inhabits. (KJT)

Toledo Neto, Silvio de Almeida. aLiuro de Josep Ab aramatia and the Works of Robert de Boron.' QetF 3.3 (Fall 1993): 36-45.

Abstract: Like Robert de Boron in the Joseph , the anonymous compilers of the Vulgate and Post-Vulgate versions of the story of the Holy Grail were builders of narratives, anxious to elucidate and expand coherently the material at their disposal. By comparing Robert's Joseph and its prose version with the Liuro de Josep Ab aramatia , one notes that structural resources used to provide the elucidation of facts and to achieve consistency include addition, suppression, and paraphrasing. Careful consideration of the three texts, using Robert's Joseph as a source, can identify examples which clearly present in the Liuro de Josep Ab aramatia structural resources used in the Post-Vulgate Estoire (or Liuro de Josep Ab aramatia ) as they relate to the prose Joseph , the text which served as the basis for the expansions and elaborations made in the Post-Vulgate version. (SATN)

Tolhurst, Fiona. [see also Neuendorf] 'The Britons as Hebrews, Romans, and Normans: Geoffrey of Monmouth's British Epic and Reflections of Empress Matilda.' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 69-87.

Abstract: By weaving together the stories of the Book of Exodus, Rome, and Empress Matilda, Geoffrey of Monmouth creates a multi-layered work that supports Matilda's claim to the throne. (FT)

-------. Rev. of Historical Fabrication, Ethnic Fable and French Romance in Twelfth - Century England. By David Rollo. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 65-67.

Tomaryn Bruckner, Matilda.'Of Cligés and Cannibalism.' Arthuriana 18.3 (Fall 2008): 19-33.

Abstract: Reading Cligés in light of the two Ovidian tales Chrétien cites in his prologue leads to a deeper understanding of his cannibalistic art. (MTB)

Tolmie, Jane. 'Can we talk about "Multiple Versions of the Same Thing" in a meaningful way?' The Round Table: Teaching King Arthur at Harvard. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 141-43.

Torregrossa, Michael. 'Camelot 3000 and Beyond: An Annotated Listing of Arthurian Comic Books Published in the United States. 1980-1998.' Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 67-109.

Abstract: This annotated bibliography illustrates the variety to be found in the Arthurian comic books of the 1980s and 1990s.

Townsend, David. Rev. of Courtly Desire and Medieval Homophobia: The Legitimation of Sexual Pleasure in Cleanness and Its Contexts. By Elizabeth B. Keiser. Arthuriana 9.1 (Spring 1999): 152-53.

Tracy, Larissa.. 'A Knight of God or the Goddess?: Rethinking Religious Syncretism in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.' Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 31-55.

Abstract: An analysis of the pentangle and of Morgan le Fay in SGGK suggests that the poem is neither a reaffirmation of Christianity nor a tool of conversion, but a poem of religious synthesis in which paganism and non-Christian ideologies—like the Jewish Kabbalah—are presented as parallels to Christianity, not wholly appropriated or obliterated. (LT)

Traxler, Janina P. Rev. of Reading Beroul's Tristran: A Poetic Narrative and the Anthropology of its Reception. By Roger Pensom. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 83-85.

-------. Rev. of Word and Image in Arthurian Literature. By Keith Busby. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 88-90.

-------. 'Once and Future Saxons: Nazis and Other Dark Forces in the Modern Arthurian Story' Arthuriana 11.4 (Winter 2001): 96-107.

Abstract: Modern Arthurian literature, especially realistic fiction and fantasy or science fiction, recycles the interpersonal conflicts and insecurities typical of older Arthurian literature and also treats the particularly modern anxiety about our ability to master the consequences of our technology. (JPT)

-------. Rev. of Le Roman de Tristan en Prose, vols I, II, and III. By Philippe Menard, et al, eds. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 149-155.

-------. Rev. of Reassessing the Heroine in Medieval French Literature. By Kathy M. Krause, ed. Arthuriana 14.1 (Fall 2004): 106-107.

-------. Rev. of The Holy Grail: Imagination and Belief. Richard Barber. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 81-82.

-------. Rev. of Le Roman de Tristan en Prose. Monique Léonard and Franceine Mora. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 102-103.


-------. 'The Lady or the Horse: Tristan at the Grail Pentecost' Arthuriana 19.1 (Sprin 2009): 32-46.

Abstract: The Prose Tristan's modification of the Grail Pentecost highlights paradoxes within the Arthurian ideal and prepares even greater changes in the late medieval versions. (JPT)

-------. Rev. of Le Roman de Tristan en Prose, vols V. By Christine Ferlampin-Acher, ed. Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 82-83.

Tuten, Belle S. Rev. of The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society 1105-1650. By Konrad Eisenbichler, ed. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 100-101.

-------. Rev. of Love, Marriage and Family in the Middle Ages: A Reader. By Jacqueline Murray, ed. Arthuriana 14.1 (Fall 2004): 111-112.

Twomey, Michael W.. 'The Voice of Aurality in the Morte Darthur.' Arthuriana 13.4 (Winter 2003): 103-118.

Abstract: Reading Malory aloud encourages the prelector to appeal to the listener's ear by emphasizing parataxis and repetition as means of assisting memory. (MWT)

-------. Rev. of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the Order of the Garter. Francis Ingledew. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 91-93.

-------. 'Self-Gratifying Adventure and Self-Conscious Narrative in Lanceloet en het Hert met de Witte Voet.' Arthuriana 17.1 (Spring 2007): 95-108.

Abstract: This essay argues that Lanceloet en het Hert met de Witte Voet expresses its literary self-consciousness—and therefore its debt to earlier Arthurian romances rather than to folklore—by altering the motif of the hunt for a white stag to a hunt for a white-footed stag and by aligning Lanceloet with other episodes of stag-hunting in Arthurian romances that devolve into the self-gratification of the male participants’ desire for adventure. (MWT)

Uebel, Michael. Rev. of Medieval Masculinities; Regarding Men in the Middle Ages. Ed. Clare A. Lees with the assistance of T. Fenster and J.A. McNamara. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 109-111.

-------. Rev. of Handbook of Medieval Sexuality. Ed. Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage. Arthuriana 8.1 (Spring 1998): 99-100.

Umland, Rebecca A. Rev. of Popular Arthurian Traditions. Ed. Sally K. Slocum. Arthuriana 5.1, (Autumn 1995): 97-100.

-------. Rev. of The Company of Camelot: Arthurian Characters in Romance and Fantasy. By Charlotte Spivak and Roberta Lynne Staples. Arthruaina 5.4 (Winter 1995): 127-28.

-------. Rev. of Arthurian Poets: John Masefield. Ed. David Llewellyn Dodds. Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 111-13.

-------. Rev. of A Camelot Triptych. By Norris Lacy. Arthuriana 8.2 (Summer 1998): 157-59.

Umland, Samuel J., and Rebecca A. Rev. of Cinema Arthuriana: Essays on Arthurian Film. Ed. Kevin J. Harty. QetF 3.1 (Spring 1993): 69-72.

Utz, Richard J. Rev. of Politik und Lieb in der englischen Literatur des Spätmittelalters am Beispiel von Thomas Malorys Morte Darthur. By Christoph Houswitschka. Arthuriana 4.2 (Summer 1994): 202-204.

-------. Rev. of The Matter of Scotland: Historical Narrative in Medieval Scotland. By Roy James Goldstein. Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 285-88.

-------. Rev. of Fiktionalität im Artusroman: Dritte Tagung der Deutschen Sektion der Internationalen Artusgellschaft in Berlin vom 13.-15. February 1992. Ed. Volker Mertens and Friedrich Wolfzettel.Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 101-103.

-------. Rev. of Medieval Arthurian Literature: A Guide to Recent Research. Ed. Norris J. Lacy. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 140-42.

----------. Rev. of Medievalism and the Modernist Temper. Ed. R. Howard Bloch and Stephen G. Nichols. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 159-60.

------. Rev. of Lancelot. By Mireille Seguy. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 106-108.

-------. Rev. of Vernacular Literary Theory in the Middle Ages. The German tradition, 800-1300, in its European context. By Walther Haug. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 105-107.

--------. Rev. of A Catalogue of Chaucer Manuscripts, Volume II: The Canterbury Tales. By M.C. Seymour. Arthuriana 10.3 (Fall 2000): 120-22.

Van Der Schaff, Baukje Finet. 'The Lai de Tyolet and Lancelot and the Whitefooted Stag: Two Romances Based on a Folktale Motif.' Arthuriana 4.3 (Fall 1994): 233-49.

Abstract: This essay suggests that there is a literary link between the Old French Lai de Tyolet and the Middle Dutch Lancelot and the Whitefooted Stag, both of which use the same widespread folktale motif of the Dragonkiller. (BFS)

Van Domelen, John E. '"Take Down, Callipe, Your Trumpet": A Poet of the Third Dark Age Celebrates A Hero of the Second.' AInt 4.1 (Fall 1989): 55-74.

Abstract: The subject of Arthur has exerted immense appeal from the Middle Ages through the present. John Heath- Stubbs elected to deal with Arthur, but in a way that transcends national particularities. His modern epic Artorius is extraordinarily rich in its allusiveness, diverse in poetic technique, and complex in structure. Simultaneously aligned with the signs of the zodiac (and thus the months of the year), the seasons of the year as well as the stages of human life, the seven heavenly bodies (the sun, the moon, and the five planets) known to the ancients, twelve celestial deities, the Nine Muses, and the Twelve Labors of Hercules, the poem in terms of structure is a tour de force that invites comparison with James Joyce's Ulysses. (JEV)

Vanderjagt, Arjo. Rev. of Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers. By Gillian Rosemary Evans. Arthuriana 16.2 (Summer 2006): 101-102.

Varies, Kelly De. Rev. of Western Theater of Cruelty: Rhetoric, Memory, Violence. By John France. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 75-77.

Visser-Fuelis, Livia and Anne F. Sutton. 'The Dark Dragon of the Normans: A Creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth, Stephen of Rouen, and Merlin Silvester.' QetF 2.2 (Summer 1992): 1-19.

Abstract: Twelfth-century evidence affirms the existence of a national dragon of the Normans. It was perhaps created out of a conscious need to compete with the national dragons of the Britons and the Saxons in literature, prophecy, and myth, and to destroy them as effectively as their peoples had been defeated in war. The obscure and involved story of the Dark Dragon has to start with 'Nennius'; it finds inspiration in the work of Geoffrey of Monmouth, especially where he is concerned with the prophet Merlin, both Merlin Ambrosius and Merlin Silvester; and it takes in the Prophecy of the Eagle , which Geoffrey chose to leave wrapped in mystery and uncertainty and was later 'discovered' and attributed to Merlin Silvester, as well as the verse epic Normannicus Draco of Stephen of Rouen. The Dark Dragon was still known in 1259, but soon after it passed out of literature and memory. (AFS and LV-F)

Vitz, Evelyn Birge . "Teaching Arthur through Performance." Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 31-36.

Abstract: Performing, rather than simply reading, Arthurian texts allows students to experience medieval works in something like their original reception context. (EBV)

Walters, Lori J. 'Reconfiguring Wace's Round Table .' Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 39-58.

Abstract: This article explores the possible origins of the Middle Dutch character Walwein in Wace’s Roman de Brut. After first considering the character’s name and his association with chess in Wace, it moves to a study of competing fourteenth-century French and Germanic models of empire. (LJW)

Wambach, Annemarie. ‘Strickers Daniel von dem blühenden Tal Ein “klassischer” Artusroman?’Arthuriana 6.1 (Spring 1996): 53-76.

Abstract: In this innovative work, Stricker explores the genre of the Arthurian romance in order to compose a mirror for the nobility. The protagonist, Daniel, emphasizes the rational aspects of King Arthur's code of honor to image the ideal knight and his role in perfecting feudal relationships. (AW)

Ward, John O. Rev. of The Language of Sex: Five Voices From Northern France Around 1200. By John W. Baldwin. Arthuriana 6.2 (Summer 1996): 88-90.

-------. Rev. of The Reformation of the Twelfth Century. By Giles Constable. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 85-88.

-------. Rev.of Ennobling Love: In Search of a Lost Sensibility. By C. Stephen Jaeger. Arthuriana 10.2 (Summer 2000): 106-107.

Ward, Keith E. Rev. of Criticism and Dissent in the Middle Ages. By Rita Copeland. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 97-98.

Warren, Michelle R. 'Making Contact: Postcolonial Perspectives through Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Britannie.' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 115-34.

Abstract: The HRB presents an ambivalent colonial fantasy, wherein encounters between unequal powers establish domination through topographic, linguistic, and erotic desire. (MRW)

Wasserman, Julian N. 'Fear of Flyting: The Absence of Internal Tension in Sword of the Valiant and First KnightArthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 15-32. [Co-author, Robert J. Blanch].

Abstract: Despite the dramatic potential inherent in their Arthurian subject matter, Sword of the Valiant and First Knight are films which fail with both audiences and critics precisely because both films fail to include the internal tensions which are present in their respective medieval sources. (RJB/JNW)

-------. Rev. of A Companion to the Gawain-Poet. By Derek Brewer. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 113-15.

-------. Rev. of Sir Gawain: Eleven Romances and Tales: The Weddynge of Sir Gawen and Dame Ragnell. Thomas Hahn. Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 116-118.

-------. Rev. of The Numerical Universe of the Gawain-Pearl Poet, Beyond Phi. By Edward I. Condren. Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 108-110.

Waters, Elizabeth A. 'The Third Path: Alternative Sex, Alternative Gender in Le Roman de Silence.' Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 35-46.

Abstract: Defining gender difference as a result of performance, enforced by shame, this essay moves beyond questioning the origins of the nature/nurture debate, examining instead what stakes the dominant culture has in understanding as original the identity categories that are only the effects of that culture's institutions and discourses. (EAW)

Watson, Jeanie. 'Mary Stewart's Merlin: Word of Power.' AInt 1.2 (Spring 1987): 70-83.

Abstract: The Merlin of Mary Stewart's The Crystal Cave, The Hollow Hills, and The Last Enchantment, is a man of many roles: prophet, prince, enchanter, king-maker, teacher, engineer, physician, poet and singer. But in all of these, he is first and foremost a man of power. Merlin's power is the power of knowledge, knowledge revealed progressively through active preparation and wise waiting. Merlin's word of power in the historical and naturalistic realm and the word of power that comes from the god--the nature of the word, its source, limitation, consequences, and progressive revelation--are intrinsic themes in Stewart's books. Each of the progressions toward truth in the trilogy emphasizes a general movement from partiality to wholeness; the unity of one God and one King, the truth of lineage, and the androgynous wholeness of the word of power. (JW)

Watson, Jonathan. 'Affective Poetics and Scribal Reperformance in Lawman's Brut: A Comparison of the Caligula and Otho Versions.' Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 62-75.

Abstract: Some variations between the two versions of Brut can be explained by scribal reperformance. In the process of reading and transmitting their exemplar, the Brut redactors independently recompose Lawman's text according to the principles of traditional vernacular verse. (JW)

Watt, Diane. Rev. of Medievalism in the Modern World. Essays in Honour of Leslie Workman. By Richard Utz and Tom Shippey, eds. Arthuriana 11:3 (Fall 2001): 145.

Weatherby, Winthrop. Rev. of From Plato to Lancelot: A Preface to Chrétien de Troyes. By K. Sarah-Jane Murray. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2008. Pp. xxii, 317; 11 black-and-white illustrations.

Weinberg, Carole. 'Pat kinewurde bed [a bed fit for a king]: Thematic Wordplay in Lawman's Brut.' Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 33-45.

Abstract: The Brut delights in displaying the lexical resources of early Middle English. One example is the wordplay on kinewurde, which alerts the reader both to the moral dubiousness of King Uther's actions in the immediate context, and to a significant thematic pattern in the poem. (CW)

Weiss, Judith. Rev. of Wace: A Critical Biography. By Jean Blacker. Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010). 110-11.

Weisl, Angela Jane. Rev. of The Knight of the Two Swords: A Thirteenth-Century Arthurian Romance. Trans. Ross G. Arthur and Noel L. Corbett. Arthuriana 7.2 (Summer 1997): 143-44.

-------. Rev. of Impolitic Bodies: Poetry. Saints. and Society in Fifteenth- Century England--the Work of Osbern Bokenham. By Sheila Delany. Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 76-78.

Westphal-Wihl, Sarah. 'Orgeluse and the Trial for Rape at the Court of King Arthur: Parzival 521, 19 to 529, 16. ' Arthuriana 20.3 (Fall 2010): 81-108.


Abstract: The rape in book ten of Wolfram’s Parzival elicits varied legal remedies: a trial at Arthur’s court transitions into a reconciliation that in turn fuels a feud. This essay uses literary evidence to detail the social mechanisms of justice through the filters of gender, status, and point of view. (SWW)

Whalen, Logan E. Rev. of The Arthur of the French: The Arthurian Legend in Medieval French and Occitan Literature. Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages IV. By Glyn S. Burgess and Karen Pratt. Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 110-11.

Wheatley, Edward. Rev. of Reading Dreams: The Intrepretation of Dreams from Chaucer
to Shakespeare
. Peter Brown, ed. Arthuriana 12.3 (Fall 2002): 117-118.

Wheeler, Bonnie. 'The Masculinity of King Arthur: From Gildas to the Nuclear Age.' QetF 2.4 (Winter 1992): 1-26.

Abstract: From the Dark Ages until today, from England to Asia and the Americas--and now especially in the realms of computer games and science fiction--King Arthur is arguably the secular hero of medieval and post- medieval Western civilization. Since this is so, the ways Western culture both stereotypes and problematizes masculinity are usefully illuminated by an analysis of Arthurian heroic modes. To a remarkable degree, and from its very inception, the rich story-stock of King Arthur subverts the traditional model of warrior masculinity celebrated in the West. One persistent feature of the Arthur-figure confirms his subversive status in relation to warrior masculinity. This mask of command first characterized King Arthur as vir modestus , the moderate man. That figure of King Arthur consequently provides one alternative norm of empowered masculinity for post-heroic culture. (BW)

-------. Rev. of Monty Python’s Spamalot. By Eric Idle and John du Prez. Arthuriana 15.2 (Summer 2005): 74-76.

-------. '‘Ingowge is as good as a feste’: Which Malorys for Teaching and Reading? (The Round Table).' Arthuriana 20.1 (Spring 2010): 99-102.


Whetter, Kevin S. Rev. of King Arthur's Round Table: An Archaeological Investigation. By Martin Biddle et al. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 115.

------. Rev. of Catherine Batt, Malory's Morte Darthur: Remaking Arthurian TraditionArthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 93.

-----. Rev. of Medieval Insular Romance: Translation and Innovation. Judith Weiss, Jennifer Fellows, and Morgan Dickson, eds. Arthuriana 14.3 (Fall 2004): 110-111.

------. Rev. of Before Malory: Reading Arthur in Later Medieval England. By Richard J. Moll. Arthuriana 14.4 (Winter 2004): 92-93.

------. Rev. of The Gentry Context for Malory's Morte Darthur. By Raluca L. Radulescu. Arthuriana 16.4 (Winter 2006): 108-110.

------. Rev. of Malory’s Contemporary Audience: The Social Reading of Romance in Late Medieval England. By Thomas H. Crofts,. Arthuriana 17.3 (Fall 2007): 94-95.

------. 'Characterization in Malory and Bonnie. ' Arthuriana 19.3 (Fall 2009): 123-135

Abstract: Malory’s characters remain a valuable area of study, especially given their foregrounding in the Winchester manuscript. Despite the importance of character in the Morte, Malory’s characters are often misunderstood. In particular, the typical scholarly dismissal of Gawain and praise of Lancelot overlooks Gawain’s heroic attributes—something long recognized by Bonnie. (KSW)

------. 'Genre as Context in the Alliterative Morte Arthure. ' Arthuriana 20.2 (Summer 2010): 45-65.

Abstract: Genre remains an important context for teaching and understanding literature. The genre of the Alliterative Morte is epic-heroic. This genre is dominated by a focus on heroes and their concern with honor, glory and martial achievement. Such values and heroes have potentially tragic consequences, but such tragedy and the genre which surrounds it are celebrating, not condemning, Arthurian heroism and martial deeds. (KSW)

Whitaker, Muriel. 'The Arthurian Art of David Jones.' Arthuriana 7.3 (Fall 1997): 137-56.

Abstract: Arthurian romance, especially Malory's Morte Darthur, inspired nine drawings and paintings by David Jones (1895-1974). Because Jones treated imagery in a polysemous medieval way, his art must be read not only literally, as representation of story, but also aleegorically, tropologically, and anagogically. (MW)

-------. Rev. of The Quest for the Grail: Arthurian Legend in British Art 1840-1920. By Christine Poulson. Arthuriana 9.4 (Winter 1999): 135-37.

-------. Rev. of The Song of Guinever: A Defense of Arthur's Wife in Verse. By Alicia Snow. Arthuriana 10.4 (Winter 2000): 83-85.

-------. Rev. of The Doom of Camelot. Ed. James Lowder. Arthuriana 11.2 (Summer 2001): 79-81.

-------. Rev. of The Arthurian Companion, 2nd rev. edn. By Phyllis Ann Karr. Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 158-159.

Whitman, Jon. 'National Icon: The Winchester Round Table and the Revelation of Authority.' Arthuriana 18.4 (Winter 2008): 33-65.

Abstract: With its numinous aura the Winchester Round Table displays critical transitions in the conception of English royal authority at the turn of the medieval and early modern periods. (JW)

Whitton, Donald. Rev. of François Villon: Complete Poems. Ed. and trans. Barbara Sargent-Baur. Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 124-27.

Wieland, Gernot. Rev. of Beowulf: A New Verse Translation. By R.M. Luiza and Beowoulf: A New Translation. By Seamus Heaney. Arthuriana 11.3 (Fall 2001): 134-136.

Williams, Simon J.C. 'From Wolfram to Wagner and Beyond: Sexuality, Freedom, and the Avoidance of Tragedy in Parisifal.' Arthuriana 11.1 (Spring 2001): 11-29.

Abstract: While Wolfram's poem Parzival explores chivalry, Wagner, who based in his final music drama Parzival on Wolfram's poem, is concerned with more metaphysical matters. Nevertheless, Wolfram influenced Wagner in his depiction of the sexual maturation of the hero. Wagner's Parsifal seems to be destined for a life of celibacy, but a recent production of the music drama opts for a more secular ending which reflects Wolfram's positivism and optimism. (SJCW)

Willingham, Elizabeth Moore. "Using Primary Sources, Arthurian and Otherwise" Arthuriana 15.4 (Winter 2005): 37-45.

Abstract: The use of primary materials, both manuscript and early print, deepens graduate students’ engagement with all aspects of historical linguistics and with textual studies more generally. (EMW)

Withrington, John. 'An Interview with Rosemary Sutcliff.' QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 53-60.

Abstract: In reply to Withrington's question about whether Sutcliff considered hers to be a fatalistic view of the universe which has permeated or influenced her writing, Sutcliff replied that she did not think so. She believes the archetypal side of things to be central to her writings. There are times in reality and in fiction when life suddenly begins to make patterns. This reply is typical of the perceptive answers which Sutcliff gives to Withrington's queries. (HHP)

-------. '"He Telleth The Number of the Stars; He Calleth Them All by Their Names": The Lesser Knights of Sir Thomas Malory's Morte Darthur .' QetF 3.4 (Winter 1993): 17-27.

Abstract: Malory took a keen interest in his 'extras,' those minor characters who occasionally have no more than walk-on roles. In particular, in the last two tales of the Morte Darthur he uses the constellations formed by those special guest stars to throw light on those forces which contribute to the destruction of the fellowship known as the Round Table. This interest is especially evident in his use of clusters of minor characters, simple listings, the vast majority of detail being independent of his sources. For the critic of the Morte Darthur the number and names of the lesser knights display an arithmetic of loss which does much to illuminate the final days of the Round Table and the reasons behind its fragmentation. For Malory's king, the tragedy is too painful to withstand close examination. (JW)

-------. Rev. of Paganism in Arthurian Romance. By John Darrah. Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 130-33.

-------. Rev. of Arthurian Literature XV. Ed. James P. Carley and Felicity Riddo. Arthuriana 8.3 (Fall 1998): 96-97.

Wilson-Okamura, David Scott. 'Adultery and the Fall of Logres and the Post-Vulgate Suite du MerlinArthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 16-46.

Abstract: In the post-Vulgate Suite du Merlin, the king's adultery brings about the destruction of Logres. The primary model for this particular treatment was Old Testament history, especially King David's affair with Bathsheba. This biblical model accounts for both the romance's structure and ethos, characterized by an abundance of arbitrary imperatives and seemingly inordinate consequences. (DSW-O)

Winn, Mary Beth. 'Vérard's Editions of Tristan.' Arthuriana 19.1 (Spring 2009): 47-73.

Abstract: AnthoineVérard's four editions of the prose Tristan illuminate publication practices from 1489 (the editio princpes) through the first decades of the sixteenth century. (MBW)

Wood, Charles T. Rev. of From Scythia to Camelot: A Radical Reassessment of the Legends of King Arthur, the Knights of the Round Table, and the Holy Grail. By C. Scott Littleton and Linda A. Malcor. Arthuriana 5.3 (Autumn 1995): 124-27.

-------. Rev. of Nobles, Knights and Men-at-Arms in the Middle Ages. By Maurice Keen. Arthuriana 7.4 (Winter 1997): 121-23.

-------. Rev. of Origins of the English Gentleman: Heraldry, Chivalry and Gentility in
Medieval England, c. 1300-c. 1500.
 By Maurice Keen. Arthuriana 13.3 (Fall 2003): 120-122.

-------. Rev. of The Britons. By Christopher A. Snyder. Arthuriana 14.1 (Spring 2004): 117-118.

Wood, Chauncey. 'Maureen Fries: A Tribute and a Memorial.' Arthuriana 9.2 (Summer 1999): 3-4.

Woodcock, Matthew. 'The Place of Arthur in Children’s Versions of The Faerie Queene.' Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 23-37.

Abstract: This essay examines Arthur’s function within children’s versions of The Faerie Queene, and highlights how editors negotiated the issue of Arthur’s erotic quest for Gloriana. (MW)

Workman, Leslie J. Rev. of Medievalism and the Modernist Temper. Ed. R. Howard Bloch and Stephen G. Nichols. Arthuriana 7.1 (Spring 1997): 161-63.

Worthington, Heather. 'From Children's Story to Adult Fiction: T.H. White's The Once and Future King.' Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 97-119.

Abstract: This paper reads the textual complications and structural development of White's multi-volume novel as a set of traces of and responses to sexual anxiety. (HW)

Wright, Michelle R. 'Designing the End of History in the Arming of Galahad.' Arthuriana 5.4 (Winter 1995): 45-55.

Abstract: This article analyzes Galahad's swords in La queste del saint graal as synecdoches of the chivalric function, which in the course of the narrative moves from an Arthurian to a celestial allegiance; Solomon's wife and Perceval's sister construct the signs of this transformation. (MRW)

Wulf, Charlotte. Rev. of The Reclamation of a Queen: Guinevere in Modern Fantasy. By Barbara Ann Gordon-Wise. QetF 1.4 (Winter 1991): 99-102.

Wurtele, Douglas J. 'Chaucer's Wife of Bath and Her Distorted Arthurian Motifs.' AInt 2.1 (Fall 1987): 47-62.

Abstract: The Wife of Bath seizes the chance as narrator to suppress all mention of the enchantment in her re- told Arthurian romance. She does this not for the sake of realism but for the sake of revenge. It is not that a wicked woman imposed the enchantment on an innocent maiden that offends Alisoun, but that its removal depends on the loving act of a good man. In the Arthurian tradition men of that stamp have a role to play. In the Wife of Bath's distorted version they cannot be granted any place at all. Where, therefore, the old stories show a transformation back into beauty as the reward for good will on both sides, with the dilemma that requires the surrender of sovereignty coming almost as a good-humored afterthought, for Alisoun's purpose surrender must precede the transformation and any suggestion of a good act by the knight must be left out. That, she seems to be saying, is what would not be realistic. (DJW)

Yamaguchi, Eriko. 'The Perfect Hero: Cruel Masculinity in D. G. Rossetti's The Death of Breuse sans Pitié.' Arthuriana 6.4 (Winter 1996): 84-101.

Abstract: Rossetti's interest in cruel masculinity, shown in The Death of Breuse sans Pitié, discloses a new aspect of his medievalism. (EY)

Youngerman Miller, Miriam. '‘The Dream Withered’: The Tale of Sir Gawain.' Arthuriana 13.2 (Summer 2003): 85-93.

Abstract: Neil Philip’s beautifully rendered The Tale of Sir Gawain, presenting the knight’s deathbed attempt to find meaning in his experience, raises serious questions about the appropriateness of Arthurian tradition for a youthful audience. (MYM)

Zarandona, Juan Miguel. 'Daniel Mangrané and Carlos Serrano de Osma’s Spanish Parsifal (1951): a Strange Film? ' Arthuriana 20.4 (Winter 2010): 78-98.

Abstract: The Spanish cinematic work entitled Parsifal (1951) has always been termed ‘strange’ and regarded as an artistic failure. However, reconsideration of the context in which this film was produced suggests it is worthy of greater attention. After considering the difficult history of Spanish cinema, General Franco’s Spain, local legends of the Grail, and the Wagnerian cult in Barcelona, we can see that Parsifal is a very interesting interpretation of the story of the Arthurian knight. (JMZ)

Zatta, Jane. 'Translating the Historia: The Ideological Transformation of the Historia regum Brtitannie in Twelfth-Century Vernacular Chronicles.' Arthuriana 8.4 (Winter 1998): 148-61.

Abstract: Several twelfth-century vernacular translations of Geoffrey's HRB significantly alter their source, emphasizing the role of the nobility, rather than the monarch in the success of a nation. (JZ)

Zeikowitz, Richard E.. Rev. of Chaucer's Pardoner and Gender Theory: Bodies of Discourse. By Robert S. Sturges. Arthuriana 12.2 (Summer 2002): 160-161.

Zemler-Cizewski, Wanda. Rev. of Arthurian Literature and Christianity: Notes from the
Twentieth Century
. Peter Meister, ed. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 99-100.

-------. Rev. of Understanding Scholastic Thought with Foucault. Philipp W. Rosemann. Arthuriana 14.2 (Summer 2004): 106-107.


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